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Sewerage Construction Project in Kurdistan Region (I) Iraq


Titre : Sewerage Construction Project in Kurdistan Region (I) Iraq

Pays : Irak

Date d’approbation : 2015/06/29 Completion of project : December 2023

Contexte  : Since the Iraq War ended in 2003, the Republic of Iraq has experienced a high level of economic growth and population increase, as well as improvement in the economic infrastructure for the petroleum and other industries. In the sewerage sector, there were many facilities built until the 1980s, but due to the Iran-Iraq War, the Gulf War, economic sanctions, and the Iraq War starting in the early 1980s, few rehabilitation or maintenance projects were carried out on the sewerage facilities, leading to a serious deterioration in sewer treatment plant and pipe function. The sewerage coverage rate is just over 30 percent in the country overall. In Erbil, the core city of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq with a 3.5 percent annual population increase and rapid urbanization, there is no modern sewerage system, night soil infiltrates the ground, and there are concerns about the risks of polluting the groundwater, which is a source of drinking water in the region. Although general wastewater is discharged outside the city through storm water pipes installed in recent years, sewage treatment plants have not been installed, and diluted general wastewater is released into the rivers that are public water sources, spreading pathogens and worsening the water quality. In the surrounding agricultural areas, river water is used for irrigation, leading to health concerns.

The objective of the project is to improve the capacity of sewage treatment by establishing a sewerage system in Erbil, Kurdistan Region, located in northern Iraq, thereby improving the environmental sanitation conditions of the region, and securing water resources and contributing to effective water use. Special Terms for Economic Partnership (STEP) apply to this loan. Advanced Japanese technology will be utilized, including, for example, an energy-saving sewage treatment system, which is easy to maintain and significantly lowers the cost of electricity, and a pipe-jacking method that will reduce the time required for pipe installation. The ODA loan will be allocated to construction work for the sewage treatment facilities, procuring the equipment and materials for the sewerage pipe network, and consulting services (including bidding assistance and construction supervision). Detailed design work is planned to be undertaken with JICA technical cooperation.

Organisme d’exécution : Ministry of Municipalities and Tourism, Kurdistan Region

Montant du prêt : Amount (million yen) 34,417

Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)

Agence Japonaise de Coopération Internationale - JICA (2)

Page publiée le 11 août 2017, mise à jour le 9 juillet 2022