Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Projets de développement → Projets de recherche pour le Développement → 2014 → Genetic enhancement of sorghum to promote commercial seed supply and grain market development in Ethiopia

Collaborative Research on Sorghum and Millet (2014)

Genetic enhancement of sorghum to promote commercial seed supply and grain market development in Ethiopia

Sorghum Seed Commercial

Titre : Genetic enhancement of sorghum to promote commercial seed supply and grain market development in Ethiopia

Pays : Ethiopie

Date : 2014

Résumé
Ethiopian sorghum landraces exhibit native genetic variation for drought and Striga resistance which this project aims to exploit in development of sorghum cultivars with resistance to these important stresses. The project employs biotechnology, breeding and agronomy to unleash the potential of the crop for Ethiopian farmers. The team is developing a core set of sorghum germplasm population to characterize the inherent variability through large-scale, high-throughput genotyping and coupling this practice with phenotyping of valuable traits under target environments. Data is then treated with appropriate bioinformatics and statistical procedures to identify useful allelic variation for drought and Striga resistance. This sill be enhanced by the development of local capacity and the restoration of rigor and discipline to the Ethiopian sorghum breeding program to produce superior sorghum on a regular basis. Project researchers will cooperate with agronomists and economists to develop a package of genetic and crop management practices to control stresses and optimize yields.
At the highest level, the project aims to develop a functional sorghum breeding program in Ethiopia focused on the development of adapted, high-yielding sorghum varieties and hybrids for broad societal impact. The use of hybrid cultivars will be promoted to strengthen the seed supply value chain and catalyze the development of a commercial sorghum seed enterprise system in the country. These activities will serve as part of the larger national effort in building local capacity, strengthening the institutions of education, research, extension, and input systems for development, and for advancing science-based development to impart livelihood change for smallholder sorghum farmers of Ethiopia.

Organisme leader : Purdue University

Partenaires : Ethiopia - Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) (Melkassa Research Center, Sirinka Research Center), Holleta Biotechnology Center, Tigray Regional Program, Oromia Regional Program, Haramaya University — Purdue University, Kansas State University

Financement : $912,703

Collaborative Research on Sorghum and Millet

Page publiée le 18 mai 2017, mise à jour le 29 novembre 2017