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Accueil du site → Projets de développement → ONG/NGO Coopération décentralisée → Mongolie → Establish forest stripes in crop fields in four soums of Tuv and Bulgan aimags, and bushes will be planted around the headwaters of Zuunmod’s river (Mongolia)

2016

Establish forest stripes in crop fields in four soums of Tuv and Bulgan aimags, and bushes will be planted around the headwaters of Zuunmod’s river (Mongolia)

Mongolie

Titre : Establish forest stripes in crop fields in four soums of Tuv and Bulgan aimags, and bushes will be planted around the headwaters of Zuunmod’s river (Mongolia)

Pays : Mongolie

Numéro projet : MON/SGP/OP6/Y1/CORE/LD/2016/12

Domaine : Land Degradation

Durée : Start Date : 9/2016 — End Date : 12/2016

Bénéficiaire : Mongolian Association for Support of Organic Products

Présentation
Forest strips will be established in crop fields in two soums of Tuv aimag and Dashchilen soum of Bulgan aimag, and bushes will be planted around the headwaters of Zuunmod town’s local river. These soums have well developed crop cultivation, but lack trees and bushes. Bushes around the local rivers are destroyed. The Boroo River in Bornuur soum is diminishing due to mining activities in its valley. The forest strips to be established around the crop fields will protect the soil against wind and adverse environmental effects, increase heat balance in the fields, create micro atmosphere and help produce relatively high yield from a small space.

Résultats attendus
Forest strips to be established around the crop fields will protect the soil against wind and negative environmental effects, create a micro climate by increasing the heat balance of the crop fields and create conditions for relatively high yield on small plots of land.
Each forest strips will reduce loss of evaporated moisture from soil surface and plants by reducing wind speed in a certain amount of space. By spreading surface snow relatively evenly, the forest strip also offers the benefit of protecting soil from frost.
The main benefit of the forest strip is that it allows to produce stably high yield from agricultural plants under adverse climatic conditions. Forest strips will be established around the crop fields in the above soums for the latter’s protection. Such a forest strip protects soil from moisture loss during times of drought and hot, dry winds, helps the crop field collect snow surface evenly in winter and prevents it being blown away by wind, spreads snow water evenly on nearby downhill areas and protects soil from loss of fertility by blowing away light soil in cold spring weather. Enrichment of the soil with nitrogen, phosphorus and bio mash in the fully grown forest strip improves conditions for the growth of plantds.
The forest strip has the benefit of increasing grain yields by 20-40 per cent and vegetable crop yields by 50-80 per cent as compared to an open field not surrounded by a forest strip. When the crown of the forest strip thickens and reaches 2-3 meters, it starts to contribute to increasing agricultural plants yield.
A forest strip should consist of willows and aspens in view of their growth ability and suitability as well as a certain number of fruit trees and bushes. The state of the local land’s surface and the prevailing wind direction will be taken into account. Each forest strip will be established along the length of the crop field for the latter’s protection in the prevailing wind direction.

Financement
Grant Amount : GEF (SGP) : US$ 21,717.00
Co-Finanshing Cash : US$ 10,799.00
Co-Finanshing in-Kind : US$ 28,232.00

GEF Small Grants Programme

Page publiée le 15 juin 2017, mise à jour le 14 avril 2018