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sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

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2016

Climate Smart Agriculture Demonstration Project on Eco-efficient and Three-dimensional Cultivation in Northwestern Oasis (China)

Chine

Titre : Climate Smart Agriculture Demonstration Project on Eco-efficient and Three-dimensional Cultivation in Northwestern Oasis (China)

Pays : Chine

Numéro projet : Chinese Society of Agro-ecological Environment Protection

Domaine : Land Degradation

Durée : Start Date : 10/2016 — End Date : 10/2018

Bénéficiaire :

Présentation

_ Baseline Information Gucheng Village, Shuangwan Township of Jinchang city, is located in the middle of Hexi Corridor, a typical arid and semi-arid area. Jinchang is one of the 108 key water shortage cities in China. Shuangwan Township is a typical area of oasis agriculture with large scope of bare land, desert and saline and alkaline land, where soil fertility is rather poor. There is no surface runoff at Gucheng village, so the water for agricultural and domestic use mainly comes from underground water. There are totally 643 households at the village with a per capita annual income of 8569 Yuan. The village is one of the 13 demonstration bases of modern eco-agriculture of Ministry of Agriculture, which promotes the village’s initial development in eco-agriculture.

Main Problems (1) A serious shortage of local water resources. With mean annual precipitation of 100mm and annual evaporation of 2400mm, surface water used per capita is far lower than the national and provincial average. The water use efficiency is low under current cultivation pattern. (2) The local long-term large-scale contiguous planting of single crops results in serious soil pathogen accumulation and causes soil degradation. (3) The general aging of farmers in the project area and the lack of young workforce lead to an urgent need to promote modern large-scale operation.

Proposed Activities (1) Carrying out baseline information survey and supplementation ; conducting an appropriate research on interplanting technique, which will focus on corns interplanted with watermelon, grapes interplanted with hot pepper and watermelon interplanted with sunflower ; (2) Carrying out technical training to improve the level of cultivation techniques of local farmers and agricultural workers ; (3) Assisting in the establishment of professional farmers’ cultivation cooperatives, to set up a shared platform between farmers and technicians.

Financement
Grant Amount : GEF (SGP) : US$ 43,644.00
Co-Finanshing Cash : US$ 22,500.00
Co-Finanshing in-Kind : US$ 6,750.00

GEF Small Grants Programme

Page publiée le 15 juillet 2017, mise à jour le 3 avril 2018