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African Technology Policy Studies Network (ATPS) 2011

BEST Biodiversity, Ecosystem services, Social sustainability and Tipping Points in African drylands

African Drylands

African Technology Policy Studies Network (ATPS)

Titre : BEST Biodiversity, Ecosystem services, Social sustainability and Tipping Points in African drylands

Région/Pays : Afrique

Date : Start date : Jan/2011 End date : Mar/2013

African drylands are fast approaching a tipping point of range enclosure, with associated loss of wild and domestic grazer mobility, and attendant loss of ecosystem services and of poor people’s livelihoods.

The shift to an enclosed (or conversely back to an open) state is driven by the interplay of changing policies on land tenure and natural resource management. The effects of these policies, which are integrated at the level of household tradeoff decisions and subsequent land use choices, are expressed in environmental and social sustainability implications. We ask the research question : How do different policy and economic drivers shape household decisions on land use choices, and with what ecosystem services and poverty implications ? BEST uses modeling and major extant datasets to develop understanding of household decisions over land use, through a cross-border comparative analysis encompassing drylands in three of the poorest African countries.

Our objectives are : * to develop a conceptually innovative approach focusing on the intersection of changing land tenure and NRM policies and their impact on tipping drylands into a closed, impoverished state, from formerly open, resilient rangelands, with mobile domestic and wild animals, and often cash-poor but relatively secure and resilient pastoral livelihoods. * to leverage existing datasets (biophysical and socioeconomic), extract maximum analytical power and develop policy relevant lessons from cross-border comparative analyses (Kenya/ Ethiopia Boran : Kenya/Tanzania Maasai) * to model household-level decisions on drylands resource use choices in different policy and economic contexts, integrating biophysical and socioeconomic dimensions, maintaining a disaggregated level of analysis across household types and conditions, and exploring policy and economic incentives fostering conservation-compatible choices * to develop policy scenario evaluations to support better ecosystem management, making more visible and comprehensible poor people’s resource use choices, and enhancing their livelihoods * to build on local knowledge, engaging stakeholders at all levels, through networking, field consultation, workshops, and media outputs, from concept to beyond project end. Through collaborative working, stakeholder engagement and a wide range of outputs pitched at policy as well as scientific audiences, we aim to leverage dissemination through non-funded project partners, research and practitioner networks alongside stakeholder engagement activities.

Partenaires : International Livestock Research Institute Institute of Zoology University College London

Mise en œuvre : African Technology Policy Studies Network (ATPS)

African Technology Policy Studies Network (ATPS)

Page publiée le 1er juin 2017, mise à jour le 10 novembre 2017