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2017

Immediate, Integrated and Sustained Response to Avert Famine in Yemen

Yemen

Titre : Immediate, Integrated and Sustained Response to Avert Famine in Yemen

Pays /Région : Yemen

Code et type d’opération : ID : 201068 — Emergency Operation (EMOP)

Durée : 12 months (1 April 2017-31 March 2018)

Présentation
The conflict in Yemen, which has been ongoing for the past two years, has led to a multitude of consequences that include destruction of basic infrastructure, loss of livelihoods, mass displacement, disruption of social services and a near-collapsed socio-economic situation. The conflict is rapidly pushing the country towards social, economic and institutional collapse while the food security and nutrition situation has rapidly deteriorated leaving the country on the brink of famine.
The fighting has created a catastrophic humanitarian situation in Yemen, with 70 percent of the entire population in need of humanitarian assistance. The situation is exacerbated by military interventions that are restricting commercial and humanitarian access into the country by air, sea, and land. In an import-dependent country, this has led to a reduction of food availability and a consequent rapid rise in prices. Such increases have been aggravated by the collapse of the Central Bank and the depreciation of the Yemeni currency. Reduced incomes and higher prices have significantly diminished people’s economic, and in some cases physical, access to food.
These challenges are superimposed on already high levels of chronic vulnerability, especially in coastal areas, and gender disparity. At the same time, the government social safety nets are no longer functioning and able to support the growing population in need.
The March 2017 Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) reports an overall deterioration in the food and nutrition situation, with many United Nations agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) expressing concerns over potential pockets of famine. Seven governorates are in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency) while thirteen are in Phase 3 (Crisis). Four governorates exceed the World Health Organization (WHO) critical threshold for global acute malnutrition (GAM), with rates in children between 6 and 59 months ranging from 16 to 25 percent.
New developments, such as the potential total inaccessibility of the main port at Hudaydah, could rapidly accelerate the crisis. Without an adequate response, the key concerns are that significantly more lives will be lost in the districts at risk of famine ; conflict may intensify, reducing the governability of the country ; and any development gains made in previous years will be set back indefinitely.
To avert the looming catastrophe in Yemen, WFP will provide an integrated package of food and nutrition assistance with complementary activities implemented through agriculture, livelihoods, water,sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and health partners. WFP will develop a detailed operational plan to support the gradual transition and full operationalization of the new emergency operation (EMOP), with improved targeting, partnerships and an integrated assistance approach. In line with this, WFP Yemen’s communication strategy will convey to all partners, local authorities, and donors the shared risks and consequences of a possible famine and related suffering in Yemen

Nombre de bénéficiaires : 9,100,000

Coût total pour le PAM : 1,167,415,743 $

Programme Alimentaire Mondial (WFP)

Operation Document (1,78 Mb)

Page publiée le 20 juillet 2017