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Universitaet Wien (2000)

Medical pluralism in Ethiopia : the ethnomedicine and cosmopolitan medical practices in Addis Abeba

Wondwosen Teshome-Bahire

Titre : Medical pluralism in Ethiopia : the ethnomedicine and cosmopolitan medical practices in Addis Abeba

Auteur : Wondwosen Teshome-Bahire

Akad. Grad : Thesis.Doctoral 2000

Université de soutenance : Universitaet Wien ; Grund- und Integrativwissenschaftliche Fakultaet ; Institut fuer Voelkerkunde

The aim of this anthropological research is to provide a baseline of information about the traditional medicine and to interpret the findings with reference to Ethiopia’s socio-economic development and unmet needs for health care. It also examines why the people of Addis Ababa still employ traditional medicine despite the availability of cosmopolitan medicine. In this research that was conducted in Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia, the traditional anthropological techniques of data collection, observation (participant and quasi participant) and interview were employed. It is found out that although it is said much about the need for the cooperation between the two medical systems (indigenous and cosmopolitan) cosmopolitan medicine practitioners do not properly recognize the importance of indigenous medicine practitioners. This condition has become an obstacle for the exchange of merits between the two medical systems. Chapter one introduces the concepts of medical anthropology in general and medical pluralism in particular. It also discusses the theoretical and practical significance of my research. The major works of anthropologists that are directly or indirectly related with health are examined in this chapter. Chapter two deals with the research methods and techniques. The aims and objectives of the study, how the data were collected and analyzed and the problems encountered during the field research are elaborately explained in this chapter. Chapter three discusses the indigenous medicine of the country in general and how it is practiced in Addis Ababa, in particular. People’s beliefs and practices regarding health, the role of healers, the past and current positions of indigenous medicine in the country, and the attitudes of the successive Ethiopian governments regarding indigenous medicine are analyzed. Chapter four examines the introduction, expansion and development of cosmopolitan medicine in Ethiopia. It also explores the distribution of health facilities, like hospitals, health centers and health stations in the country and Addis in Ababa. Chapter five deals with the concept of the integration of indigenous and cosmopolitan medicine. It also discusses how the people of Addis Ababa practice medical pluralism in their effort to fight against health problems. In chapter six, the concept of the people of Addis Ababa regarding health, disease and illness are examined. It also explores the determinants for patients’ choices of therapy (indigenous or/and cosmopolitan). The last part of this dissertation, chapter seven is conclusion and recommendation. It summarizes the most important findings of the research. Furthermore, in this chapter, based on the findings of the research, recommendations are forwarded.

Mots clé : Aethiopien / kosmopolitische Medizin / Ethnomedizin / Heiler / Eingeborenenmedizin / medizinische Anthropologie / medizinischer Pluralismus — cosmopolitan medicine / Ethiopia / ethnomedicine / healer / indigenous medicine / medical anthropology / medical pluralism / traditional medicine / health care needs

Présentation : Österreichische Dissertationsdatenbank

Page publiée le 27 mai 2008, mise à jour le 14 mars 2019