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Famine Survival and Livelihoods Response for Woman-Headed Households with Special Needs in Kismayo District (Somalia)


Titre : Famine Survival and Livelihoods Response for Woman-Headed Households with Special Needs in Kismayo District (Somalia)

Pays /Région : Somalie

Code projet : CHF-DMA-0489-277

Durée : 09-08-2012 // 21-01-2013

Famine outcomes no longer exist in Southern Somalia, yet nearly 30% of population remain in crisis, unable to fully meet essential food and non-food needs(1). Currently, a total of 169,000 people are in livelihood crisis and in need of humanitarian assistance and livelihood support. Out of these, 84,000 people are in in L/Juba, including 45,000 in Emergency. The Juba riverine GAM rates remain above the 30% famine threshold ! 22,046 GAM and 9,293 SAM cases are reported in the region. Both Riverine and Agropastoral livelihoods sustain a Very Critical nutrition situation with GAM (34.5, 26%) and SAM (11.8 and 9.1%) rates respectively. Aggravating factors include poor access to safe water, health and sanitation facilities, child feeding practice and health seeking behaviours and reduced humanitarian programmes. Harvest failure in the riverine areas due to flooding, limited humanitarian aid and trade due to deteriorated security situation, reduced self-employment and decline in the charcoal and Kismayo port activities, increased transportation costs due to rising fuel prices, poor road infrastructure and increased international food prices exacerbated the crisis (2). In the most likely scenario for next 6 months is ; increased conflicts, displacements, restriction of humanitarian access, possibility of Gu floods in case of above normal rains and decreased resilience among affected population given the reduced herd sizes and harvest failure. As a result, the number of people in crisis in L/Juba region is likely to increase until August Gu harvests. GBV and lack of equal access to resources and opportunities for rural women, especially for womenheaded households, is a major underlying fact

Agriculture is very important to women in rural L/Juba, but female farmers have less access to the productive resources and services, such as land, livestock, human capital, extension and aid services as well as financial services required. Women-headed households in Juba riverine and agro-pastoral populations are particularly more vulnerable to the effects of the drought and famine. Recurring armed conflict, along with sexual and domestic violence, the sickness of the children malnourished or death of family members due to the recent famine or loss of crops due the recent floods or livestock due to the droughts have collapsed Lower Juba women’s livelihood assets, income generation capacities and severely eroded their coping strategies. There are nearly 1,500 Poor Female-headed households (FHHs) in 9 riverine and agro-pastoral communities in Kismayo district who cannot meet their even 50% of their Cost of Minimum Basket (CMB) in Kismayo district. The CMB is currently estimated around $140 by FSNAUs latest reports. FHHs in rural L/Juba do not have equal access to the resources and opportunities they need to be more productive. A lack of access to basic food and non-food household needs forces many women and girls in rural L/Juba to resort to harmful measures to survive. These may include working as commercial sex workers, putting themselves at risk of rape, violence and abuse through the collection of firewood in unsafe areas or trading sex for food to compensate for access to safe, dignified livelihoods mitigates the risk of exploitation and abuse. Programs supporting the livelihood opportunities for FHHs need to increase women’s self-sufficiency through improved access to food and non-food items to meet their CMB resources and economic opportunities that help them sustain a dignified means of living. Reducing the gap between male and female farmers in access to productive resources and livelihood assets and inputs could raise yields on farms operated by women by 20-30 percent. This would generate significant gains in food production levels and could reduce the number of undernourished people by 12-17% (SOFA 2010-2011). Cash relief grant is as valid as a general food distribution to populations who cannot meet their basic needs (ACF, 2009).

Porteur du projet : KISIMA Peace and Development Organization

Financement : Nations Unies

Contribution : 372,620.00 $

United Nations Development Group

Page publiée le 21 juin 2017, mise à jour le 10 avril 2018