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Integrated Emergency Livelihood Support for the 910 most Vulnerable and Destitute Agro-pastoralist and Riverine Households in Buale and Sakow Districts in Middle Juba (Somalia)


Titre : Integrated Emergency Livelihood Support for the 910 most Vulnerable and Destitute Agro-pastoralist and Riverine Households in Buale and Sakow Districts in Middle Juba (Somalia)

Pays /Région : Somalie

Code projet : CHF-DMA-0489-282

Durée : 14-05-2012 // 21-10-2012

Due to the prolonged drought in 2011 and its effect on the vulnerable populations especially in Southern regions of Somalia, a state of famine was declared by the UN in July 2011 in several regions. However, coordinated life-saving humanitarian interventions provided by international and local partners and an indicated above-average Deyr harvest has led to a decrease in the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance to 2.34 from 4 million. Despite the fact that the humanitarian situation in Somalia has improved, the southern parts are still in emergency phase with the focal point being Middle Juba where the proposed project targets the Riverine and agro-pastoralist livelihood zones in northwest Buaale and Salagle (Sakow west ) in Middle Juba region. The total number of affected rural populations is estimated as 170,000 between now and June 2012. Of these, 75,000 populations are in emergency, 35, 000 in Middle Juba and 40,000 in Lower Juba. Based on the FSNAU 3rd March 2012 report confirms middle juba region is still in humanitarian emergency phase in the post-Deyr 2011/12, there is drastically reduced cattle herds as a result of the past year’s drought and the 4th consecutive season of very poor harvest attributable to the flooding respectively. FSNAU report indicates 35,000 people in crisis and 25,000 in emergency in Middle Juba. The report further confirms that the urban population in middle Juba region is struggling to meet their food needs through a combination of moderate to very severe coping strategies leading to high malnutrition rates. In the desheks of both regions is estimated at 4100MT, with 65% in Middle Juba. Poor households in the Riverine areas have limited cereal stock ; only lasting 2 months. Agro-pastoralists cereal stock may last not more than 2 months. Crop production such as maize is affected by floods. Maize cultivation in March and early April JDO conducted an assessment in collaboration with target community stakeholders (local authorities, village committee) and it indicated that women, children, women headed households, the aged and physically challenged are the most affected people. According to the FSNAU report and independent flood assessment report by JDO the floods in the Juba River, an estimated area of 17,700ha with maize (96%) out of 18,400ha was destroyed (with 66% from Middle Juba farmers). Food access of the populations in Emergency phases is constrained by high debt levels,, limited milk production among cattle and significant due to death and distress sale in livestock, restricted humanitarian access and assistance. The humanitarian situation calls for urgent Cash for Work interventions targeting the Agro-pastoralists and Riverine households in transit to recovery but in need of a safety net enabling and protecting their lives and livelihood systems. Whereas Food Voucher was a relevant intervention strategy and modality as proposed by JDO in 2012 CAP, the existing authorities disagree with it to a degree of condemning the system as it may encourage donor reliance and dependency. Food Voucher is currently not being accepted by the local authorities in order to allow the communities to farm, harvest and to be self-reliant while enhancing the local food market supply in the region. Its recommended that Cash for Work is the best intervention. The findings mirror a humanitarian tragedy of households who lost their livestock, food and even farm tools to flash floods in the midst of civil insecurity, past drought, famine and forced displacements.

The JDO community-led assessment in coordination with local authorities and the targeted beneficiaries suggested Cash for Work intervention in a shared approach to the needs of the most vulnerable households deprived of basic commodities and facing poverty and unemployment yet able to physically work to earn a sustainable living for their families. Cash for Work shall entail bush clearing of feeder roads between villages and farms for fair accessing and ploughing farms along the Riverine areas, also clearing bush along water catchment areas in enhancing access to water for both livestock and human usage, rehabilitation and de-siltation of canals and raising river embankment with sand /creek point closure for flood control in view of the in-coming rain season in enhancing self reliance and sustainability while preserving the environment and saving lives. Cash for Work was the most recommended as relevant modality in mitigating the urgent and basic needs among households with either persons facing physical and mental challenges, high exposure to starvation, sickness, diseases like AWDs, malnutrition and under-nutrition, physical disability due to war injuries, blindness, and households with pregnant and lactating women. Both cash for work is a cautionary net for saving the livelihoods and lives of the most needy and risk-exposed households among the Agro-pastoral and Riverine communities in northwest Buaale and Salagle (west Sakow) of Middle Juba who are in emergency. The targeted groups shall use the acquired cash towards buying basic items such as food. JDO identified 910 needy and vulnerable households (2011 Women, 992 girls, 1796 Men and 661 Boys). Based on the last assessment, women form the largest population ; equally the most vulnerable especially pregnant and lactating mothers. JDO Conducted two independent need assessment for the targeted populations in consultation with the local authorities, women representatives, elders, religious group and the aged through participatory process in late 2011 and early 2012. The assessment report was shared with regional food security working group meetings and helped in developing the latest FSNAU food security report.

Porteur du projet : JDO (Jubaland Development Organization)

Financement : Nations Unies

Contribution : 326,700.00 $

United Nations Development Group

Page publiée le 10 août 2017, mise à jour le 10 avril 2018