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Banadir Drought Assistance and Response (BANDAR) Project - Somalia


Titre : Banadir Drought Assistance and Response (BANDAR) Project - Somalia

Pays /Région : Somalie

Code projet : CHF-DMA-0489-295

Durée : 29-05-2012 // 31-05-2013

Somalia is reeling from the effects a devastating drought in 2011 that affected over 4.5 million people causing many deaths and massive displacement, and deaths of many of their livestock (>80% of livestock died in some places).The UNHCR has revised its estimate of the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Somalia to 1.35 million, down from 1.46Mi owing to concerted efforts made by humanitarian agencies in 2011with massive emergency response to address the crisis yielding a significant impact on food access, acute malnutrition and mortality levels. The FSNAU Post Deyr 2011/12 Report No. VI. 44, indicate that famine conditions no longer exist in Southern Somalia, yet nearly a third of the population remain in crisis. As at February 2012, 2.34 million people remain in crisis, with 73% (1.7 million) in the south with the Lower Shabelle region having the greatest number of IDPs with 496,000 followed by Banadir (184,000). Coupled with the armed conflicts in south-central Somalia, the usual shocks of water deficiency and food insecurity is exacerbated drastically reducing the resilience/coping mechanisms of many of the Somali communities. The FSNAU projects that, in the most likely scenario, the number of people in crisis will increase to 2.51 million from February - June 2012. The risk of a poor season remains high, and the southern regions remain extremely vulnerable to both price and rainfall shocks following the devastating effects of the recent famine. Any additional shocks, such as humanitarian access restrictions, poor Gu rainfall, additional displacement, disease outbreaks, trade restrictions or influx of returnees from Kenyan and Ethiopian refugee camps, could rapidly degrade of the food security and water sanitation situation.

In October 2011, FSNAU and partners conducted a comprehensive nutrition survey among the population of Mogadishu town in six districts. The nutrition assessment results indicated an unchanged nutrition situation from the previous survey conducted in April 2011, with the GAM rate 15-20%, indicating a very critical nutrition situation. The severe acute malnutrition rate of 6.4% (4.5-9.0) indicated a deterioration at 2.81 (1.97-3.64) and 7.49 (4.83-10.2) compared to 1.81 (1.38-2.37) and 2.2 (1.41-3.48) in April 2011. The results indicate a sustained very critical situation among the Mogadishu urban population. The FSNAU Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (Aug-Sept. 2011) indicates that 195,000 people are still in stressed situation. A rapid assessment carried out by ADRA Somalia (November 2011) corroborated the findings of FSNAU and USAID/OCHA monthly report No. 15 for Somalia 2011, Bulletin 14 Vol. 4 of June and the August edition. ADRA’s assessments in the Banadir region revealed one of the worst humanitarian situations in Somalia with a majority of the population in need of life-saving assistance in food and water supplies. In conducting the assessment, ADRA consulted UNICEF, UN OCHA (through respective clusters) and local government administrations as well as local agencies. The drought aftershocks are evident in severe water crisis, extremely high prices of food, depleted pasture, deteriorating livestock conditions, increased livestock deaths, population displacement and increased destitution. The volatile civil insecurity situation continues to influence livelihoods and affect humanitarian responses in some of the affected areas in South Central Somalia. There is evidence of acute malnutrition and rates of crude mortality remain within famine thresholds in some agro-pastoral zones and IDP settlements.

Porteur du projet : ADRA (Adventist Development and Relief Agency)

Financement : Nations Unies

Contribution : 428,890.00 $

United Nations Development Group

Page publiée le 15 août 2017, mise à jour le 10 avril 2018