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2012

Emergency WASH Response to agro-pastoral populations at five (5) villages under Jowhar District of Middle Shabelle - Somalia

Somalie

Titre : Emergency WASH Response to agro-pastoral populations at five (5) villages under Jowhar District of Middle Shabelle - Somalia

Pays /Région : Somalie

Code projet : CHF-DMA-0489-301

Durée : 14-05-2012 // 21-11-2012

Contexte
The United Nations declared an end to famine conditions in Somalia, but warned that with recurrent droughts in the Horn of Africa hunger remains a threat unless long-term measures are taken to restore food security. Long-awaited rains coupled with substantial agricultural inputs and the humanitarian responses deployed in the last six months are the main reasons for this improvement. However, the crisis is not over. It can only be resolved with a combination of rains and continued, coordinated, long-term actions that build up the resilience of local populations and link relief with development.FEWS NET’s forecast analysis suggests that, in the most‐likely scenario, March‐May rainfall in the eastern Horn of Africa will be ten percent below‐average and poorly distributed. A mediocre season would not be expected to have substantial negative impacts on crop and livestock production.

Limited access and disease outbreaks, such as cholera, further complicated the situation in the second half of the year as the high levels of malnutrition especially in children made them even more vulnerable to disease. About 51,000 cases of acute watery diarrhea (AWD)/cholera were reported in southern and central regions. Massive displacements, mainly in southern and central Somalia, occurred throughout the year. In the last eight months IDPs/returnees are fleeing from district to district not only due to the drought/famine in their respected areas followed by the good rains in the last Deyr season but also the intensified conflict between the TFG/Allied forces and Al-Shabaab in the south central regions of Somalia, which increased significantly. Malnutrition rates are still among the highest globally, an estimated 325,000 children under 5 years of age are acutely malnourished, with 70% located in the southern regions. Mortality rates remain at concerning levels of 2 deaths per 10,000 people per day. Due to the overcrowding of the IDP camps, lack of proper sanitation, poor hygiene and excessive rains there is a high risk of AWD outbreak during the upcoming peak AWD transmission periods of March to June. Life-saving interventions including food assistance and increased access of safe/clean water, proper hygiene and sanitation is essential for the prevention of widespread of the disease to the regions which is most likely to happen.

Présentation
The proposed WARDI project submitted during the CAP process has been targeting to cover 26 villages located in 4 regions in southern Somalia as follows : 18 villages (Wanlaweyn district), 5 villages (Jowhar district), 1 village (Burhakaba district) and 2 villages (Beledweyne district). However, due to the prioritization of the first CHF standard allocation by regions in 2012 based on the changes of the humanitarian context in the southern Somalia indicated that parts of the WARDI target regions are not included in the prioritized region except villages under Jowhar district of Middle Shebelle region. Therefore, WARDI made 1 day rapid reassessment to five (5) target villages under Jowhar district namely : Jariirow, Garas Dhere, Garsaalley, Duray and Maciye tuurey with total population of 28,086 agro - pastoralists. However, in the assessment WARDI found that the water, hygiene and sanitation conditions are very poo,rcombined with FSNAU Post Deyr Nutrition Analysis 2011/12 published on March 9th, 2012 indicated that the nutrition situation of the Middle Shebelle agro-pastoral and riverine population is classified as likely very critical with GAM rates estimated at >30% and 20% among the agro-pastoral and riverine populations while the date collected from health facilitie_

Porteur du projet : WARDI Relief and Development Initiatives

Financement : Nations Unies

Contribution : 262,148.00 $

United Nations Development Group

Page publiée le 14 août 2017, mise à jour le 10 avril 2018