Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Projets de développement → ONG/NGO Coopération décentralisée → Somalie → Hafun coastal community crisis emergency livelihoods response – Somalia


Hafun coastal community crisis emergency livelihoods response – Somalia


Titre : Hafun coastal community crisis emergency livelihoods response – Somalia

Pays /Région : Somalie

Code projet : CHF-DMA-0489-335ER

Durée : 08-06-2012 // 15-Dec-2012

The nutrition situation of the Coastal Deeh population of Nugal, Bari and Mudug regions has improved to serious levels from Critical in Gu ‘11. Except for a few spots that received below normal Deyr rains, the area has experienced improved access to milk and income associated with favorable terms of trade (local goat to rice).A nutrition survey conducted in December ‘11, reported a GAM rate of 12.2 % (8.9-16.3) and SAM rate of 3.1%(1.9-5.0), indicating a Serious nutrition situation and an improvement from a GAM rate of 17.4 % (13.8-21.6) and SAM rate of 4.2% (2.7-6.4) recorded in the Gu ’11. A higher proportion of assessed boys (13.9%) were acutely malnourished compared to the girls (10.3%) but this difference was not statistically significant. Data from health facilities in the NE coastal areas also indicated a low (<10%) and stable proportion of acutely malnourished children. High morbidity, poor access to sanitation and drinking water in the area remain critical, with 37.4% of the assessed children reported to have fallen ill in the two weeks preceding the assessment and only 66.9% having access to sanitation facilities. Previous consecutive rain failures in the Deyr ‘10/11and Gu ‘11 led to a significant deterioration of livestock body conditions and deaths resulting in reduced household income, and meat and milk consumption. Therefore one successful season is not sufficient for the household’s to fully recover their assets and livestock heads. The situation needs close monitoring amidst seasonal changes in labor opportunities from fishing activities due to the presence of sea pirates, strong sea tides, and chronically poor infrastructure and frequent disease outbreaks. Significant increases in the price of basic food commodities (e.g., sugar, rice, and wheat flour) and petrol as a direct result of pirate hijackings of commercial vessels, though it is difficult to disaggregate the specific impact of piracy from other problems facing Somalia. Pirate gangs have also begun to target Somali fishermen, stealing their engines and boats, and reportedly driving many fishermen out of the trade.These increases have undermined the average Somalis’ ability to purchase basic food and supplies. • A February 2011 Food Security and Nutrition

Due to the failure of rains entirely over the last four years in Coastal Deeh zone of Hafun, thousands of poor pastoralists have lost all their animals and become destitute and displaced. Many other thousands are still in humanitarian crisis and require several good seasons to fully recover their herd sizes to viable levels. The prolonged droughts over the past year and the delayed, sporadic recent Gu rains in May has resulted severe food insecurity across Puntland, Coastal Deeh being the worst affected. Production and reproduction of sheep and goat are very low due to poor livestock performance since last Deyr season. Thus, Puntland areas currently in crisis are likely to remain in crisis as a result of reduced herd size and number of saleable animals following high off-take (death, distress sales) and limited capacity to re-stock in the short-term. The drought in Hafun had a very profound and negative impact on pastoralists, agro-pastoralists and fishing communities in Coastal areas of Indian Ocean and have affected all household members albeit differently. The effect of the drought is more severe on women and children in most of situations. It increased the work burden, vulnerability, malnutrition and disease incidents for women and children. Men and boys have also lost their livelihoods and become more susceptible to joining piracy syndicates and terrorist groups such as Al-Shabaab. Thus there is urgent need for integrated emergency livelihoods support that addresses the different needs of the drought-affected men, women, boys and girls in Coastal Deeh and Iyah livelihoods of Puntland. In the last assessment conducted by members of this consortium, the population in Hafun and surrounding coastal villages have very limited access to water. The average person recieves around 2 Litres of water a day in Hafun area currently. The proposed project is responding to both CAP2012 Priority Strategies (1&2) and the ALC Response Strategies 1 &2 which are : 1I)n crease access to food and water and increase purchasing power for populations in Famine and HE. 2) Provide, protect and increase production capacity of livelihood assets and reduce exposure to the effects of natural shocks for population in crisis. The cluster coordinator and members, humanitarian partners in the field and Puntland authorities have been consulted during the development of the project proposal.

Porteur du projet : KISIMA Peace and Development Organization

Financement : Nations Unies

Contribution : 499,943.00 $

United Nations Development Group

Page publiée le 7 août 2017, mise à jour le 10 avril 2018