Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Projets de développement → ONG/NGO Coopération décentralisée → Somalie → Building the Pastoral Communities’ Resilience to Drought By Strengthening Their Livelihoods Assets and Access to Humanitarian Assistance – Somalia


Building the Pastoral Communities’ Resilience to Drought By Strengthening Their Livelihoods Assets and Access to Humanitarian Assistance – Somalia


Titre : Building the Pastoral Communities’ Resilience to Drought By Strengthening Their Livelihoods Assets and Access to Humanitarian Assistance – Somalia

Pays /Région : Somalie

Code projet : CHF-DMA-0489-385

Durée : 13-Feb-2013 // 21-Aug-2013

The prolonged droughts in coastal areas of Sanaag region had high tolls on pastoral households (HHs) and the livelihood assets of many HHs. There had been limited responses carried out since February 2011 to address the drought problems in the region. According to FSANU post Deyr 2011/2012 brief technical report indicated that Sool Plateau and Nugal valley of Sool and Sanaag regions are still in Crisis, due to the effects of previous drought seasons reflected in reduced livestock assets and high indebtedness (300-350$) of poor pastoralists. In fact as the prolonged Jillaal season intensified the number of HHs seeking immediate life saving support had increased by more than triple from February 2011 level. Current reports from the field indicate that goat kids and sheep lambs have perished due to lack of pasture and water. Consequently HHs see their purchasing power decline throughout the drought season as reductions in livestock prices and wages occur. As the Jillaal season prolongs livestock conditions deteriorates under the harsh dry conditions. Due the lack of adequate water and poor roads water truckers then impose higher water prices on remote pastoralist communities who have very low income and less assets to sell. Restoration of livelihood asset is therefore central intervention of this project. To respond timely, ADO intention is to address water shortage by constructing and rehabilitation of water storage structures to supply safe drinking water for animals and poor HHs, rehabilitation of feeder roads, income and employment creation through cash for work interventions. According to FEWSNET and FSNAU Reports of February - June 2012 HHs in pastoral and marginal cropping areas currently face extreme levels of food insecurity due to an ongoing drought.

Recurrent droughts had made the livelihood security of the pastoral communities in coastal areas of Sanaag region vulnerable and destitute, making them impoverished and displaced all over the region. The relatively poorer pastoral groups face the most risk. In particularly women and children are affected in terms of poor health, food insecure and dietary deficit, and poor social network. Most often affected communities face extreme food consumption gaps, poor physical condition of livestock and acute water shortages during periods of crises. According to ADO 2012 need assessment in the assessed areas indicated 7,500 pastoral people were AFLC and 2875 were emergency situation. Similarly food security situation in the affected coastal regions had deteriorated and will worsen in the coming few months unless there are interventions. Currently, livelihood assets of pastoral communities diminished particularly livestock holding capacity. Therefore, 186 vulnerable and poor pastoral households will access restocking and will provide small ruminant goats/sheep. Prior distribution of small goats/sheep health check and treatment of Livestock herds will carry out by the hired veteniry doctor. Each household will be provided 12 healthy small goats/sheep. In addition, due to the effects of climate change worldwide, in particularly coastal areas of Sanaag region ground water bearing sediments considerably fall short of sufficient replenishment. To this respect ADO propose and seeks a durable solution that can improve the ground water replenishment at an economical scale. Subsurface dams are easily to build means to generate, use and process new water cycles in rural areas. Such dams stop erosion, restore dry river sediments, vegetation and generate bank storage. In short subsurface dams create artificial aquifers. Therefore Construction of 4 sub-surface dams with average dimension of 66 meters X2 meters X1.5 meters will carry out in dry river bed thorough cash for work in order to increase water table of the dry river. During the construction activities 96 pastoral workers will get employment opportunity and income. Given this reality, and due to its nature “slow-on-set” therefore, it calls for an urgent action to respond current livelihood crisis of the coastal pastoral communities to limit its progression towards humanitarian emergency. It is with this line of thinking that, ADO considers restoration of livelihood assets and employment as one of its key activity with the overall objective of improving pastoralist production system through Cash for work intervention.

Porteur du projet : ADO (Agricultural Development Organisation)

Financement : Nations Unies

Contribution : 250,000.00 $

United Nations Development Group

Page publiée le 14 août 2017, mise à jour le 9 avril 2018