Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Projets de développement → ONG/NGO Coopération décentralisée → Somalie → Support to Drought-Affected Pastoral Communities in Lughaya Awdal Region - Somalia


Support to Drought-Affected Pastoral Communities in Lughaya Awdal Region - Somalia


Titre : Support to Drought-Affected Pastoral Communities in Lughaya Awdal Region - Somalia

Pays /Région : Somalie

Code projet : CHF-DMA-0489-386

Durée : 21-Jan-2013 // 31-Jul-2013

According to the FSNAU technical series report no. VI. dated on September 26, 2012, the rural population in Awdal region who are in both crisis and emergencies are estimated a total of 25,000 persons (20,000 persons are in crisis while other 5000 persons are in emergency). these people, who are mainly children and women, are suffering from severe thirsty and hunger due to lack of expected rains in those areas. As reported from the Lughaya district, people affected by the current drought is estimated about 10494 persons resided in and around the lughaya district. their data is dissaggregated as 1889 of them are men while 2519 persons are women, 2038 are boys, 3778 are girls. Death of both livestock and human are reported from the coastal area around Lughaya district during drought. Somalilands government has recently reported to the local, International and UN agencies that the living Situation of coastal nomadic people is very serious and 20,000 persons are in humanitarian emergency in Awdal region. As a result of drought, lack of water, food and fodder for both animals and people occurred in and around the following District and villages in Awdal region. the areas affected badly by the drought is included Lughaya, Garbodadar, Gargaara, Waraqa-dhigta, Alibele, Ceel-lahelay, Fadhixun, Gaarisa, Osoli, Biyo-garaaca, kalowle, Karuure, fiqi-adan, Hadhwanaag and Bullo-xareed. the list of the current drought affected areas was distributed to the SOMTRAG and other local NGOs in Somaliland on Monday dated on 2nd July 2012 after the emergency drought responsive meeting organized and chaired by the Somaliland vice president was held in the meeting hall of Somaliland’s presidential place for the leaders of Somaliland’s CSOs to contribute to the intervention of the reported drought impacts.

A Rapid Assessment undertaken by SOMTRAG in Lughaya district in September 2012 reported worsening livelihood situation for the pastoral population living in the district of Lughaya. The assessment found that the pastoral communities ability to meet basic needs in food and water has extremely deteriorated and were unable to sustain themselves during the long dry season ahead. It is reported that water levels in such strategic wells in Gargaara, Garbodarar, Geerisa, Fadhixun, Kalowle, etc. have considerably reduced and unable to support the large number o f livestock that migrated in and around these strategic water sources. The assessment found that water catchments such as berkads and dams have dried up in most of the villages visited and the communities depend on an expensive water trucking for both human and animal consumption. The price of water has increased to more than 30%, the assessment reported. Similarly, the price for essential food rations such as rice, sugar and wheatfloor has increased more than double figures, the assessment found, due to mainly general price increases at country level and increased cost of transport, as a result of shortage of lorries as many trucks have been changed to water tankers. The communities in the target areas raised several problems that include ; lack of income to buy food and water, poor health and limited resource base. In the course of ranking the priority needs identified by the community in target locations include assistance in provision of food and water to safe lives of both human and animal, rehabilitation of water sources (Berkads, shallow wells) to improve both quality and quantities of water supply for the communities. At the course of the assessment, the team noted that leadership structures in the pastoral communities that are responsible for the management of communities’ affairs and the natural resources do exist, however, lacking basic skills in governance, linkages and advocacy. (Rapid Assessment Report undertaken by SOMTRAG is Attached herewith a Document Tab). As stated in FSNAU Technical Serial Report Post Gu’ 2012, it was shown that there is no statistically significant difference between the female and male headed households in terms of distribution of acute malnutrition, consumption of diversified diets, and access to safe water and sanitation facilities. although vulnerability resulted by drought is not equally distributed. Gender relations place women in central roles in drought periods. Women are heavily impacted by drought - the scale of is becoming alerming in target areas collecting and carrying water is often a task exclusively for women and girls. Every extra hour spent seeking out scarce water, food, firewood, or extracting crops from deminishing land, are hours that are not spent in school or in-paid work. During drought pastoralists men go off with their animals in search of pasture - it is the women who are left behind, searching for water and food to feed children and those depending on. To address such problems faced by women, we planned to provide emergency assistance (food and water) to the target beneficiaries for drought coping mechanism and being resilient

Porteur du projet : SOMTRAG (Somali Transformation Group)

Financement : Nations Unies

Contribution : 193,892.00 $

United Nations Development Group

Page publiée le 21 juin 2017, mise à jour le 10 avril 2018