Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Projets de développement → ONG/NGO Coopération décentralisée → Somalie → Provision of protection related services to prevent and mitigate rights violations and GBV among women, men, girls and boys in IDPs settings and host communities in Merka urban area, Lower Shabelle – Somalia

2013

Provision of protection related services to prevent and mitigate rights violations and GBV among women, men, girls and boys in IDPs settings and host communities in Merka urban area, Lower Shabelle – Somalia

Somalie

Titre : Provision of protection related services to prevent and mitigate rights violations and GBV among women, men, girls and boys in IDPs settings and host communities in Merka urban area, Lower Shabelle – Somalia

Pays /Région : Somalie

Code projet : CHF-DMA-0489-467 -

Durée : 13-Aug-2013 — 11-Aug-2014

Contexte
Somalia is facing one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world today. 1/3 of Somalis is in need of humanitarian assistance and -as reported by May 2013 UHNCR fact sheet- the country is generating the 3rd highest number of refugees in the world. According to UNHCR data, as at 16th May 2013 there is an estimated number of 1,023,722 Somali refugees in neighboring countries, while over 1 million Somalis are internally displaced within the country, settled mainly in the South-Central region (803,000 IDPs inSCZ).With regard to SCZ, following the latest IDPs mapping issued by UNHCR in May 2013, the solely region of Lower Shabelle has 103,000 IDPs. Armed conflict, poverty and insecurity are among the main factors behind the cases of displacement. Moreover, Somalia’s main rainy season (Gu), while bringing relief to dry conditions have led to flooding, crop damage and displacements. The most affected areas included parts of LS region. The Humanitarian Snapshot of April2013 reported that around 10,000 people were displaced by floods in LS. Furthermore, on 27August 2012 African Union and Somali troops captured the town of Marka which had been under Al-Shabab since 2008. However, despite the defeat of AS, militias, armed groups and AMISOM troupes are still widely present in Merka, and infra-clan fights heavily restarted after that AS militias were forced back, undermining the volatile security situation in the area and jeopardizing the safety of thousands of women, girls, children

Présentation
Over 20 years of humanitarian work in Marka Town have provided COSV with a deep understanding of the local socio-cultural context. A rapid Protection assessment was done in May 2013 in the 6 IDP settlements of Buur Bishaaro, Shiirkole, Bufow, Keef, Dajuma, Gob Yarey as well as among host communities in Merka Town in response to the new displacements caused by the April’s floods. The assessment revealed that total number of IDPs in the Merka town camps is approximately 4,620, majority being women and girls (1,552 women, 850 men, 665 girls, 628 boys).The survey was conducted mainly through interviews of Elders, camp leaders and Women groups.The main findings of the assessment concerned GBV.Most prevalent forms detected were forced/early marriages, domestic violence, sexual exploitation, rape, FGM. Particularly, the extent of rape and domestic violence was difficult to quantify but it was reported as being widespread due to the presence of armed groups in the area. According to UNFPA statistics, in IDPs settlements, 1/3 women can be victim of GBV. Over a number of 2,217 women and girls in the 6 IDP camps, there are approximately 665 people under high risk. Women &girls in the host communities of Merka face the same GBV risks, especially rapes. Merka hospital receives averagely 7 cases of GBV per month, the surrounding MCHs around 2 cases monthly. However, violations are highly under-reported because of lack of protection services and isolation & stigmatization faced by victims

Porteur du projet : Comitato di Coordinamento delle Organizzazione per il Servizio Volontario (COSV)

Financement : Nations Unies

Contribution : 300,000.00 $

United Nations Development Group

Page publiée le 19 juillet 2017, mise à jour le 10 avril 2018