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2013

Enhance the Protection and Improve Basic Living Conditions for IDPs in Somalia through the Provision of Appropriate Transitional Shelter – Somalia

Somalie

Titre : Enhance the Protection and Improve Basic Living Conditions for IDPs in Somalia through the Provision of Appropriate Transitional Shelter – Somalia

Pays /Région : Somalie

Code projet : CHF-DMA-0489-477

Durée : 24-Sep-2013 — 23-Sep-2014

Contexte
Somalia experienced major political and security developments in 2012 that offer greater possibilities for peace, security and reconstruction than the country has seen in over twenty years. Recurrent conflicts and drought have also interrupted the livelihood sources, weakening resilience and coping mechanisms of the residents. This has prompted displacement and migration especially to the medium cities. Baidoa, the administrative capital of Bay region located 250KM southwest of the Capital Mogadishuhosts an estimated IDP population of approximately4,500 IDP HHs (27,000 individuals). Decades of conflict and instability in Baidoa, including the absence of a functioning local government capable of providing basic services, and no support from a functioning central government, has significantly impacted on the local population. Although currently manned by the Somalia Federal government supported by AMISOM and Ethiopian troops since February 2012, the town’s administrative control has frequently changed hands in the previous years’ witheringly trammeling development and growth of the town. It is further faced with limited and uncoordinated humanitarian assistance. Three years of Al Shabaab’s control reduced humanitarian presence at the time and exacerbated the dire situation of vulnerable IDPs. Only recentlyhas better access and program implementation been possible.

Présentation
A multi sector baseline assessment conducted by NRC in Baidoa in March 2013 reveals that 82% of IDPs (3,690 out of a population of 4,500) were displaced by drought. Out of 394 IDPs households interviewed, 292 (74%) said they moved to Baidoa between 2007 and 2012. Currently, most IDPs live in poorly maintained shelters with no lockable doors which offer little resistance to rain and sun ; 339 (86%) of buuls suffer from leakages when it rains through various parts of the shelter such as the roof, walling, floor, window or door. 86% of 394 hh heads interviewed stated they had no plans to return to their areas of origin. 328 (83.1%) of the buuls lack separation between sleeping and cooking and 298 (75.6%) use the principal shelter for both adult and children sleeping or also for cooking in some cases. 46 (11.6%) of the interviewed people own plastic sheets and only 32 (8%) have blankets, an indicator for an urgent need of NFIs. IDPs highlighted priority needs as : shelter, water, sanitation and food. IDPs interviewed also mentioned limited lighting at night, due to increased prices of kerosene, and limited supplies of fuel for cooking. The visited settlements are crowded and in need of reorganization (or re-planning), to provide safe and adequate spaces for circulation, internal and external activities, firebreaks and removal of garbage.

Porteur du projet : Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC)

Financement : Nations Unies

Contribution : 430,000.00 $

United Nations Development Group

Page publiée le 25 juin 2017, mise à jour le 9 avril 2018