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Nutrition Causal Analysis Study, Qardho and Gaalkacyo IDPs Settlements Somalia


Titre : Nutrition Causal Analysis Study, Qardho and Gaalkacyo IDPs Settlements Somalia

Pays /Région : Somalie

Code projet : CHF-DMA-0489-501 -

Durée : 31-Jul-2013 // 31-Mar-2014

Following the collapse of the central government in 1991 and the subsequent civil conflict and natural shocks such as droughts and floods, there have been massive displacements of populations to various towns within Somalia, mainly : Hargeisa, Burao and Berbera in the northwest, Garowe, Galkayo, Qardho and Bossaso in the northeast, Dusamareb in Central ; Kismayo, Baidoa, Dobley and Mogadishu in south Somalia regions. The IDPs reside in poor conditions and rely on humanitarian assistance and support from host communities for basic needs. The IDPs nutrition situation is persistently Critical-Very Critical with GAM rates above 15% -30%. (FSNAU Meta Analys Report, 2001-2011). On the flip side however, this implies resilience in at least 50% of IDP boys and girls who are well nourished despite sharing the appaling living conditions with the malnourished counterparts. The UNICEF framework (1990) outlines poor household access to a food secure, healthy and social care environment as underlying causes of malnutrition. The intensity and duration of inaccess, together with the interplay between these factors are determinants of malnutrition in a population group. A causal analysis study of malnutrition in IDP boys and girls, augmented with a review of resilience strategies, and knowledge, attitudes and practices in boys, girls, men and women is therefore important to articulate the core underlying factors for appropriate response

A worrying nutrition situation is depicted through median IDP rate of 16.5% as compared to the national rate of 16.2%. Qardho and Galkayo IDPs have persistently experienced Critical-Very Critical nutrition. (FSNAU Technical Series Reports 2007-2013). The FSNAU November 2012 nutrition survey findings show : • Qardho IDPs with GAM rate of 21.8 % and SAM rate of 7.9 %, indicating a sustained Very Critical nutrition situation from June 2012. Similar proportions of boys (22.3 %) and girls (21.2 %) were acutely malnourished based on weight-for-height Z scores (<-2) and/or oedema. • Galkayo IDPs with GAM rate of 17.0 % and SAM rate of 4.4%, indicating a sustained Critical nutrition situation from June 2012. The proportion of boys (18.6 %) who were acutely malnourished was higher than that of girls (15.5 %), but the difference was statistically insignificant. (FSNAU 02 2013). A causal analysis study is therefore essential to articulate core underlying factors & thereby guide on appropriate ressponse strategies. Resilience analysis also remains crucial to establish the strategies undertaken by over 50% of children living in the same context, yet remain well nourished. These strategies, once identified willl require strengthening. Sage Organization’s research team is experienced in causal analysis studies and will be undertaking three rural livelihoods based studies in Gedo Region in June-July 2013. The accrued experiences and lessons learnt will be applied in the IDPs study

Porteur du projet : Sage Organisation (SAGE)

Financement : Nations Unies

Contribution : 108,666.00 $

United Nations Development Group

Page publiée le 6 août 2017, mise à jour le 10 avril 2018