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Resilience for Food Security and Livelihoods in Burco – Somalia


Titre : Resilience for Food Security and Livelihoods in Burco – Somalia

Pays /Région : Somalie

Code projet : CHF-DMA-0489-520 -

Durée : 25-Nov-2013 // 28-Feb-2015

The majority of rural populations in Burco are experiencing a relentless downward livelihoods and food security spiral as a result of cyclical famine. If this is left uninterrupted, it will deteriorate into massive displacements and continued despair among the majority of agro-pastoralists and pastoralists. Moreover, the cyclical nature and frequency of recurrent droughts, likely due to climate change, diminishes the ability of households and communities to bounce back from its effects. As the resiliency of the agro-pastoralists and pastoralists deceases, the most vulnerable segments of the population engage in activities that are highly destructive to their natural environments as they strive to survive. These behaviors include the removal of trees and other vegetative cover for commerce and household consumption. Consequently, lands are denuded and they eventually lose their productive capacities and qualities. The loss of these productive capacities and qualities or assets makes farmers and pastoralists more vulnerable, and their ability to cope when the next drought recurs is very limited. In reality the destroyed environment only encourages the intensity and regularity of the drought cycle. This downward spiral has been going on for the past decade in Burco forcing thousands of people to depend on humanitarian aid to survive. Burco is also home to about 26,000 IDPs and accommodates the second largest concentration of IDP settlements in Somaliland after Hargeisa.

Toghdeer region has been one of the richest agro pastoralist regions in Somaliland and the communities have been farming since the early 20th century. Government reports also indicate that livestock sub sector is the main contributor to the government GDP and greatest source of incomes and livelihood of the communities of Somaliland . However, livestock sector cannot function in solitude, it needs an efficient, well coordinated and managed Water, agro and rangeland resource system for it to operate to levels that can boost the resilience and livelihoods of the people of Burco. The district has 7 dams and 10 temporary shallow wells, and the community is 75% pure pastoralists and another 25% are agro-pastoralists. During the recent vulnerability and capacity assessment conducted in October 2012 by NERAD and WVS, the Burco communities raised several food security and livelihood priorities which they would prefer be integrated with current and potential food security based development interventions. The communities identified the following priorities : • Fodder production • Increasing crop-production through the provision of farming inputs • Initiating the formation of farming cooperatives • Mitigate flood protection interventions in the farms • Improving and scaling up of water harvesting systems • Drilling of boreholes • Rehabilitation of dams/water pans • Increase the provision of animal health services

Porteur du projet : World Vision (WVI)

Financement : Nations Unies

Contribution : 1,815,669.20 $

United Nations Development Group

Page publiée le 10 juillet 2017