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Accueil du site → Projets de développement → ONG/NGO Coopération décentralisée → Somalie → Increasing Access to Safe Water and Hygiene Awareness for Vulnerable Men, Women, Girls and Boys Living in Water-scarce Areas in Eastern Sanaag Region, Puntland Somalia

2014

Increasing Access to Safe Water and Hygiene Awareness for Vulnerable Men, Women, Girls and Boys Living in Water-scarce Areas in Eastern Sanaag Region, Puntland Somalia

Somalie

Titre : Increasing Access to Safe Water and Hygiene Awareness for Vulnerable Men, Women, Girls and Boys Living in Water-scarce Areas in Eastern Sanaag Region, Puntland Somalia

Pays /Région : Somalie

Code projet : CHF-DMA-0489-609ER

Durée : 08-Aug-2014 // 27-Apr-2015

Contexte
Gu rainy season (March-June) in Somalia is one of the precipitation-rich periods and largely influences water and food availability across the country. According to a report published by the Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management Agency (HADMA) of Puntland, less than normal rains were recorded in Puntland. Water-stressed conditions were highlighted in Bari and Sanaag regions in particular leading to acute water shortages. The report appeals to humanitarian agencies to support water-stressed communities to access water to save human and animal lives. FEWSNET and SWALIM reports corroborate this position through their rainfall forecasts which raised alert that in mid June 2014, Gu rains subsided in most of South-Central Somalia & parts of North. Rainfall was well below 2001 to 2013 mean in Sanaag and parts of Bari region. Only localized light to moderate rains were received in parts of Sool Plateau, Northern Nugal and Sanaag Regions (FEWSNET Somalia Rain Watch, 13th June). WASH Partners in Bossaso conducted a rapid assessment in May 2014 in areas perceived to be having the most critical needs in Bari and Sanaag regions. The aim was to acquire in-depth information on the actual condition and effects of the prolonged dry season and water scarcity. The assessment report revealed that most Berkeds had dried up while water shortage among communities was dire. A few Berkeds had little water but the water quality was very poor, turbid and unfit for human consumption.

Présentation
Findings of the rapid assessment conducted by WASH cluster in Sanaag and Bari regions from 4th to 9th May 2014 indicated that the impact of prolonged dry season and acute water scarcity has severely affected livelihood means of vulnerable HHs. Some families could not prepare meals for days as they lacked water. Water access is limited and where available, the high cost of water is far beyond the reach of many HHs. Most of villages in Sanaag depend on Berkeds to meet their water needs. During the last rainy season, most of the Berkeds filled up. Communities were able to use them for up to 8 months. In Sanaag, most of surface water sources including Berkeds and wells dried up. Water situation has been deteriorating and is characterized by declining quantities and low quality ; far below the minimum Sphere standards. As more than 80% of water resources have dried up, the only recourse is accessing it from truckers. The water from the truckers costs an average US$ 7-10 /drum, unaffordable for the majority. Therefore the majority of people have to walk vast distances to nearest Berkeds still with water which is of poor quality, contaminated, discolored, smelly, turbid and unfit for human consumption. Minutes of the humanitarian coordination meeting held in Garowe on 23/6/14 confirm this status of matters.

Porteur du projet : DRC (Danish Refugee Council)

Financement : Nations Unies

Contribution : 205,868.48 $

United Nations Development Group

Page publiée le 9 avril 2018