Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Projets de développement → Projets 2010 → Strengthening Capacity for Management of Unaccounted-For Water (UFW) – Iraq

2010

Strengthening Capacity for Management of Unaccounted-For Water (UFW) – Iraq

Irak

Titre : Strengthening Capacity for Management of Unaccounted-For Water (UFW) – Iraq

Pays /Région : Irak

Localisation : Iraq - Nation Wide with two specific pilot areas in Anbar and Najaf Governorates

Durée : 25 months Start Date (dd.mm.yyyy) : 30 April 2010 — Original End Date 30 April 2011 Revised End Date) 31 May 2012

Présentation
The water and wastewater infrastructure had deteriorated significantly in the absence of a proper maintenance and capital works program, which had had an effect on the services, with water availability drastically reduced in terms of quality as well as quantity. Old water networks without proper maintenance and crisscrossing sewer lines increase the risk of potable water contamination, as evident from the outbreaks of cholera in 2007 and 2008. Unaccounted for Water (UFW) comprises the physical losses resulting from pipe bursts, leakages from service reservoirs and service connections up to the point of customer metering and the non-physical losses attributed to metering errors and illegal connections. It is understood that over 40% of the water produced is lost as UFW. This seriously affects water availability at the consumer’s end, reduces financial viability of service providers through lost revenues, increases operational costs and, eventually, leads to increased capital costs. All 18 Governorates throughout Iraq are seriously affected by the tremendous water loss though breakages and therefore leads to unaccounted-for water. Anbar and Najaf were the two pilot areas chosen to reduce the unaccounted water since they are amongst those governorates where the water problem affects the population the most. The rest of the 16 governorates were fully involved in every design detail and implementation mechanism within the two governorates and therefore can replicate the work within their respective governorate. _ The programme was based on three components : * Capacity building : Water Authority operation engineers from 18 governorate need to be aware of UFW issues and means to reduce the same while the senior management officials need to comprehend the purpose and methodology of conducting water audit. * Demonstration Areas : For an effective capacity building programme, it is necessary to combine it with physical works. The District Metering Area (DMA) methodology was applied in two pilot areas, one each in Anbar and Najaf governorate, selected in close collaboration with the government. The other governorates were closely involved within the steps taken throughout the project implementations. * Water Auditing of Major Water Treatment Plants : Many water treatment plants (WTPs) have not been properly maintained for years resulting in production well below its designed capacities. The absence of reliable data on the inflow and outflow from the WTPs has been a problem.

Agences Nations Unies : UNOPS (lead agency) and UNICEF

Implementing Partners : Ministry of Municipalities and Public Works (MMPW)/ MoMT/KRG

Budget : 2,850,100 $

United Nations Development Group

Page publiée le 5 juillet 2017