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2009

Strengthening the capacity of the Iraqi Veterinary Services for control of Zoonotic and transboundary animal diseases

Irak

Titre : Strengthening the capacity of the Iraqi Veterinary Services for control of Zoonotic and transboundary animal diseases

Pays /Région : Irak

Code projet : ITF A5-27 FOOD/FAO Strengthen

Durée : 44 Months Start Date : 29 Jan 2009

Présentation
The national herd of domestic livestock in Iraq stands at approximately 1.5 million head of cattle and 12 million head of sheep and goats. Meat and milk production provide the most important source of dietary protein for the Iraqi people. Moreover, the livelihoods of the nomadic and semi-nomadic population of Iraq depend entirely on the well-being of their livestock as the livestock production system is characterized by an extensive and seasonal migration throughout Iraq and into neighboring countries. _ The level and nature of production in Iraq means it is particularly vulnerable to the introduction of several trans-boundary animal diseases (TADs). The country has common land borders with six other countries. It is very difficult to maintain quarantine barriers in the present security situation and there is probably a considerable uncontrolled incoming flow of goods (including animal products) and possibly even live animals. _ In Iraq, Highly Pathogenic Avian influenza (HPAI), Foot and Mouth disease (FMD) and Rinderpest are major trans-boundary animal diseases of particular concern. Brucellosis is also a threat and one of the most important Zoonotic diseases that can affect humans. _ Unfortunately, local veterinary services and diagnostic facilities have been severely damaged from the war and looting. Furthermore, years of international sanctions meant Iraqi veterinarians did not have the opportunity to receive updated information and participate in recent developments in disease control and surveillance. _ The project aimed to strengthen the technical and institutional capacity of the Iraqi veterinary services for effective surveillance and control of Zoonotic and trans-boundary diseases in order to protect livestock from losses and reduce serious threats to human health and safety. The implementation stage of the project was dedicated to address the identified deficiencies through planning, capacity building and implementation support. This project addressed the key problems and deficiencies related to the breakdown of all branches of the veterinary services in the country, particularly the serious threats to livestock by trans-boundary diseases and increased public health concerns about the occurrence of Zoonotic diseases. Beside the weakened capacity to deliver effective animal health services to the farmer, the most serious addressed was the strengthening of epidemiological and laboratory services to provide disease intelligence for strategy development and communication to the public and agencies.

Objectifs
The immediate objectives of this project were : 1. Strengthening of the capacity of the Iraqi veterinary services in disease prevention and control 2. Effective surveillance and control of targeted zoonotic and transboundary animal diseases _ The key outputs of the project were : 1.1 Improved veterinary organization and legislation. 1.2 Strengthened institutional capacity for senior veterinary managers 1.3 Strengthened capacity for epidemiology and disease information analysis at the central level. 1.4 Strengthened capacity of surveillance and response systems at the provincial and local levels. 1.5 Strengthened laboratory capacity for investigation, diagnosis and surveillance of major livestock and poultry diseases. 1.6 Strengthened capacity in veterinary border control and inspection. 2.1 Sound control strategies for priority animal diseases (FMD, HPAI, Brucellosis, etc) developed and agreed by stakeholders at all levels. 2.2 Targeted and active surveillance programmes in place and implemented for priority animal diseases. 2.3 Strategic disease control programmes implemented and monitored.

Agences Nations Unies : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Implementing Partners : Ministry of Agriculture • Ministry of Planning and Development Coordination

Financement  : MPTF /JP ; Government

Budget : USD 5 749 715

United Nations Development Group

Page publiée le 7 juillet 2017