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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Afrique du Sud → Acceptability and influence of rangeland fencing in the southern region of Botswana

University of Pretoria (2002)

Acceptability and influence of rangeland fencing in the southern region of Botswana

Sebina NV

Titre : Acceptability and influence of rangeland fencing in the southern region of Botswana

Auteur : Sebina NV

Université de soutenance : University of Pretoria

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy 2002

Résumé
Cattle rearing in Botswana is predominantly dominated by males. Of the few female farmers involved in cattle rearing majority of them are in the communal ranches. The reason for the predominance of males in cattle rearing is a cultural one and closely related to the overall traditional dissociation of women from cattle (Gulbrandsen, 1980:51-52). There are four farm types classified as individual, group, community and communal farms. The study found that 10.6 percent of the respondents from these farms tend to have more than one grazing ranch type. Similarly, respondents age 30 to 69, those with large herd size and those with educational attainment of standard 1 to 7 and above showed a clear association with the usage of more than one ranch type. Results have also revealed that large herds of cattle are kept in Botswana. The range number of cattle (1 to 400) indicate that a few stock farmers own up to four hundred cattle, which is much higher than the number of cows (cattle) considered necessary for primary needs of survival and subsistence. The mean distribution of herd size on different ranch types shows that individual ranches had the highest average herd size of mature livestock unit and bull cow ratio followed by group ranches. Even though many cattle are kept, the current grazing conditions on all ranches except the community ranches were, in general rated as fair to good. The grazing conditions for all the ranches have improved over the years. This is reflected by the increase in the rainfall over the previous five years. Three to five years ago the grazing conditions on all ranches was in a worse condition due to drought or lack of rainfall. The study found that soil erosion was a fair problem on all the ranches. Similarly, cultivation and burning were regarded as the most important contributing factors to soil erosion. Finally farmers tend to perceive bush encroachment to be less of a problem than the enumerators do. Even though reduction of stock features as the most important control measure for bush encroachment respondents regard rotational resting as a measure that would worsen bush encroachment if practiced. The fact that stock reduction is perceived as a possible solution to bush encroachment problems suggest that stock reduction should, in general, be highly acceptable, if bush encroachment is perceived as a serious problem.

Présentation (NRF)

Page publiée le 10 juillet 2017