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Mainstreaming Local Environmental Management in the Planning Process – Mauritania


Titre : Mainstreaming Local Environmental Management in the Planning Process – Mauritania

Pays /Région : Mauritanie

Localisation : Trarza, Brakna, et Assaba

Code projet : MDGF-1724-E-MRT Mainstreaming

Durée : Date de lancement du programme : mai 2008 Date de fin (incluant le délai supplémentaire accordé) 14 août 2012

The JP has been executed in the Wilayas (municipalities) of Assaba, Brakna and Trarza that are areas affected by a serious degradation of natural resources due to climate change and overexploitation of natural resources. Access to basic services is insufficient in rural areas where only 20% of the population has access to sanitation services and low access to safe water. The country has virtually no environmental coordination mechanisms in place and environment does not appear high on the list of government priorities. The Programme has therefore developed its strategy around two outcomes : one at the local level with the target population in order to develop better practices in water and sanitation, and the second, at the national level, in order to foment a greater awareness and capacity to incorporate environmental aspects into planning and policy making. The community-based approach adopted by the JP led to a strong ownership and commitment of local partners and beneficiaries. This type of approach proved critical to achieve the results. In the composition of the village committees the requirement was to identify at least 3 women out of the 7 committee members, with at least one of the decision-making posts. The JP contributed to increase the household income while maintaining various natural ecosystems. More specifically land has been systematically prepared for women cooperatives in vegetable production while regenerating soil used for gum trees. These 16 sites were able to combine Arabic gum collection and vegetable farming, were able to procure additional annual income estimated at US$ 220 per household. Off-soil cultivation was introduced as a pilot experience in five villages of returnees in Brakna. This led to an increase in income for some 9,000 households in the region. For example, in Hamadalaye, a hundred women were able to collect US$ 10,000 in sales of their vegetable production. The JP also facilitated access to safe water to 28,000 people and a sanitation system serving some 12,800 people was habilitated (representing 6.25% of the population of the three wilayas). A national policy inspired from the ATPC (Total Sanitation Steered by Communities) has been developed in May 2011. Furthermore the programme has launched a dynamic for participatory management of natural heritage (forêts classées). Three such forests have been identified and are now managed on a participatory basis. The population of 155 sites was organized in village committees and managed their environment with the support of some 30 NGOs, under the supervision of the decentralized government services. Regional steering committees of regional institutions and civil society enhance the coordination and information exchange.

Agences Nations Unies : PNUD (agence porteuse du projet), FAO, PAM, UNESCO, PNUE, UNICEF et OMS

Implementing Partners :  Ministère Délégué Chargé de l’Environnement et du Développement Durable (MDEDD), Ministère des Affaires Economiques et du Développement (MAED), Ministère de la Santé (MS), Ministère de l’Hydraulique et de l’Assainissement (MHA), Ministère du Développement Rural (MDR), Ministère des Finances (MF), Ministre de l’Intérieur et de la Décentralisation (MIDEC).

Budget : 5 000 000USD

United Nations Development Group

Page publiée le 14 juillet 2017