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University of KwaZulu-Natal (2015)

Livestock ownership by gender and seasonal impact on production : a case study at Msinga Municipality

Babajide, Adeyemo Adetoyese Adesoji.

Titre : Livestock ownership by gender and seasonal impact on production : a case study at Msinga Municipality

Auteur : Babajide, Adeyemo Adetoyese Adesoji.

Université de soutenance : University of KwaZulu-Natal

Grade : Master of Science M. Sc. Agric. 2015

Résumé partiel
Research was conducted at Msinga Municipality focusing on identifying limiting factors on goat and cattle husbandry and evaluating the degree to which seasonal changes could affect goats and cattle production. Msinga municipality was chosen because it has a high potential to produce indigenous goats and cattle. Because of the latter, a project titled Msinga Goats Movers was established for the commercialization of Msinga goats and an auction marketing strategy was introduced to involve communities. Three communities were chosen for this study, namely : Nxamalala, Madulaneni and Ntanyana. The research was divided into two experimental chapters. Chapter one evaluated ownership characteristics of goats and cattle by gender and how it contributes to livestock productivity and livestock value chain. This study also looked at challenges militating against the commercialization of goats and cattle. A survey of ninety (90) farmers was conducted to record the effect of goats and cattle ownership by gender in the municipality. A focus group discussion was held based on the livestock association that exists along the irrigation scheme. Questionnaire instrument was used to capture data and analysis was done using SAS 12th Edition. Data were sorted by gender of owner, and analysed using frequency and regression procedures. Observation revealed that male ownership is directly proportional to productivity while it is inversely proportional to livestock purpose, management practices and market values. Households headed by male had higher number of cattle than those headed by female in the ratio 3:1 while a ratio was 2:1 in the number of goats. Gender ownership ratio between male and female is almost equal (37% to 30%). Cattle were used for cultural purposes (42 %), income (22%), prestige (18%), meat (12.5%) and milk (5%) purposes. Goats serve cultural (39%), prestige (30%), income (19%), meat (11.5%) and milk (2.5%) purposes. Farmers pointed out that their livestock numbers increased due to reproduction (40%) and buying (30%). All respondents grazed livestock on communal land without due regard for watering. There was difference in gender ownership of poultry. About 70% mortality was due to diseases, water and feed shortage which militated against increased livestock productivity, followed by pilfering, dog attack and poor management practices. There is need for profit maximizing programs that will cause a perspective shift in the culture towards livestock farming with respect to feeding management, common diseases and breeding. Also, the establishment of pests and disease control, grazing lands and water availability for agricultural purposes will greatly improve production performance. The first part of the second experimental protocols evaluated the livestock feeding behavioural responses and weight changes as influenced by different seasons. During each season (dry season, early wet season, and late wet season) a 48 hour observation was made on 8 goats and 6 cattle.

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