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Universidade de São Paulo (2015)

Climate classification by Köppen and Thornthwaite and agricultural zoning for maize and soybean in the West African Economic and Monetary Union

Müller, Marcela dos Santos

Titre : Climate classification by Köppen and Thornthwaite and agricultural zoning for maize and soybean in the West African Economic and Monetary Union

Classificação climática segundo Köppen e Thornthwaite e zoneamento agrícola das culturas de milho e soja na União Econômica e Monetária do Oeste Africano

Auteur : Müller, Marcela dos Santos

Université de soutenance : Universidade de São Paulo

Grade : Doutorado 2015

Résumé
The West African Economic and Monetary Union (also known as UEMOA from its name in french : Union Économique et Monétaire Ouest-Africaine) is an organization of eight West African countries : Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo. The following study has as main objectives : (a) climate classification by Köppen e Thornthwaite ; and (b) agricultural zoning for maize and soybean in the UEMOA region based on (i) potencial yield (carbon dioxide, temperature, photosyntheticaly active radiation, photoperiod and genotype), (ii) attainable yield, under high inputs and technological adoption and (iii) actual yield. Climate classification according to both authors characterized most of the territory formed by UEMOA as arid and regarding to agricultural zoning, UEMOA region is highly suitable for growing maize and soybeans, however, average values of actual yield in relation to these crops are lower than those of attainable yield, indicating that the main problem in this region is the low level of technological adoption.

Mots Clés : Africa Agriculture Benin Burkina Faso Foods Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast Mali Niger Senegal Togo

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Page publiée le 12 août 2017