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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Brésil → Water resources management : governance and management of conflicts by the use of water in northeastern semi-arid region of Brazil

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (2014)

Water resources management : governance and management of conflicts by the use of water in northeastern semi-arid region of Brazil

Correia, Rafaella Iliana Alves Arcila

Titre : Water resources management : governance and management of conflicts by the use of water in northeastern semi-arid region of Brazil

Gestão de recursos hídricos : governança e gerenciamento de conflitos pelo uso da água em região do Semiárido Nordestino

Auteur : Correia, Rafaella Iliana Alves Arcila

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Grade : Doutorado em Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente 2014

Résumé
The water being vital natural resource and factor of economic and social development requires effective management and protection by the State. This thesis examines the panorama of National Water Resources Policy and the establishment of an effectively integrated management, shared and participative, contextualizing the principles foreseen in the policy. The work is focused on the discussion of public policies of access to water, analyzing the Fresh Water Program in semi-arid region of Brazil as a strategy of coexistence and permanence of a public policy that ensures the priority use, which is for human consumption. The conceptual framework of this study relies primarily on the contributions of authors in the field recognized as governance and water management. A study on the process of implementation of the various "institutions and policies" related to water management was promoted, contextualizing the change of paradigm in the transition from the centralized model to the one that takes into account the social participation, opening in this way broader perspectives for the analysis of the contents and of the impacts of these policies. The development of this study was conducted by the follow-up – both face-to-face as documentary-field – of the activities carried out while consultant of the Fresh Water Program. The history of water management in the semi-arid region was studied, depicting conflict movements and cooperation among actors. Despite the great obstacles to accomplish the shared and decentralized management, the study of this thesis points to a gradual improvement in the formulation of public policies that take into consideration governance and participatory management of water resources, with positive prospects towards the implementation of coordinated and cooperative actions in the region that mainly suffers from the shortage of rainfall, hence of shortage of water for irrigation and human consumption

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