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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Brésil → ECOFISIOLOGIA E ANATOMIA DE Calotropis procera SOB ESTRESSE ABIÓTICO

Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE) 2016

ECOFISIOLOGIA E ANATOMIA DE Calotropis procera SOB ESTRESSE ABIÓTICO

SILVEIRA, Kamilla Dória da

Titre : ECOFISIOLOGIA E ANATOMIA DE Calotropis procera SOB ESTRESSE ABIÓTICO

Auteur : SILVEIRA, Kamilla Dória da

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE)

Grade : Doutora em Biologia Vegetal 2016

Résumé
Calotropis procera (Apocynaceae) is native from arid and semiarid areas. This species evergreen, and C3 photosynthetic metabolism is an excellent study model for the understanding of the tolerance to abiotic factors. Drought is the most abiotic stress harmful the growth, development and productivity of plant species. This study aims to evaluate in ecophysiological, anatomical and biochemical aspects of two populations of C. procera, during the dry and rainy seasons of 2012 and 2013 in different environments : one in semiarid and another on the seacoast ; and evaluate young plants of C. procera under drought at greenhouse conditions. We evaluated the gas exchange, solute quantification of the primary metabolism, enzyme activity of the antioxidant system, analysis of leaf anatomical. Calotropis procera even exposed to contrasting environments showed high photosynthetic rate even the dry season under high vapor pressure deficit (VPD) and photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD). In addiction was observed increase in photosynthetic pigments, accumulation of sugars and increase in antioxidant enzyme activity in both locations during the dry season. However, the anatomical adjustments were contrasting, while in the semiarid region was observed increase in mesophyll thickness in the dry season, on the seacoast was observed increase in cuticle thickness and increase in trichomes density. Young plants of C. procera reached the maximum stress after 10 days withhold water, when stomatal conductance (gs) reached zero. To minimize water loss, C. procera reduced gs, leaf number, increased cuticle thickness and stomata density. The increase in photorespiration, mitochondrial day respiration (Rd) of non-photochemical quenching (NPQ), carotenoids, soluble carbohydrates, free amino acids, proline and increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity garantee the photoprotection to the photochemical apparatus. Based on the results obtained, C. procera present high photosynthetic performance even under drought. The primary biochemical metabolism has different settings under different conditions. However, C. procera on the seacoast and in greenhouse under drought showed similar strategies regarding the anatomical attributes. The data set help us understand how C3 species, evergreen, present an intense photosynthetic metabolism under drought, diverging of the most C3 plants.

Mots Clés : semiarid, seacoast, drought, photosynthetic machinery, C3, photoprotection

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Page publiée le 9 septembre 2017