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Universidade Estadual da Paraíba (UEPB) 2009

EVOLUÇÃO TEMPORAL DOS NÍVEIS TRÓFICOS DO AÇUDE EPITÁCIO PESSOA, SEMI-ÁRIDO PARAIBANO

Araújo Júnior, Ronaldo Justino de

Titre : EVOLUÇÃO TEMPORAL DOS NÍVEIS TRÓFICOS DO AÇUDE EPITÁCIO PESSOA, SEMI-ÁRIDO PARAIBANO

Auteur : Araújo Júnior, Ronaldo Justino de

Université de soutenance : Universidade Estadual da Paraíba (UEPB)

Grade : Mestrado em Ciência e Tecnologia Ambiental – MCTA 2009

Résumé
The eutrophication process on water bodies, resulting of anthropogenic activities, is one of more serious problems of degradation of water quality, limiting its use for various purposes. The evaluation of trophic state has produced satisfactory results for the management of water resources. This study aimed to study the water quality of Epitácio Pessoa dam PB, between the years 1989 to 2008 and assess the trend of the evolution of trophic levels. The information in this study were from the database of the Laboratory of Aquatic Ecology LAE of Paraíba State University on the period 2005 to 2008 and Ph.D. theses developed between 1989 and 2003. The water temperature ranged between 23.6 C and 29.6 º C, with higher values between 2003 and 2008. The average pH ranged between 7.4 and 9.11 higher in the dry season. The electrical conductivity was highest between 2002 and 2003 (525μS/cm the 633μS/cm), when the volume stored in the reservoir was reduced to 35.4% of capacity. The highest concentrations of dissolved oxygen occurred between 1989 and 1991 (average > 8.0 mg / L). The average concentrations of ammonia were higher between 1991 and 2003, during which the dam had less volume of water. Nitrates were higher between 1989 and 2003, decreased between 2005 and 2006 resulting in the delivery of large volumes of water. The total phosphorus ranged from 4 μg/L and 125 μg/L, higher between 1991 and 2003. Between 1989 and 1991 chlorophyll "a" had the highest values in the rainy season, between 3.3 μg/l and 6.7 μg/l. From the rain 3 (2002), the highest concentrations occurred in the dry season. The Epitácio Pessoa dam was classified as oligo-mesotrophic (1989 - 1991), mesotrophic (2002 - 2003), oligotrophic (2005 - 2007) and oligo-mesotrophic (2008), showing a higher trophic gradient in the period of greatest reduction in volume, reflecting the increased concentrations of nutrients. The variables that correlated with changes in STI-average, were the total phosphorus, soluble orthophosphate and transparency. The information generated in this study could support future action planning and management of the waters of the Epitácio Pessoa dam, a major source of drinking water in the state of Paraíba.

Mots Clés : Evolução Temporal da Qualidade de Água Índice do Estado Trófico Açudes do Trópico Semi-árido Temporal Evolution of Water Quality Trophic State Index Dams in Semi-Arid Tropics

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