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Universidade Federal de Viçosa (2015)

Meios de Vida em um contexto semiárido : Aspectos culturais, sociopolíticos e perceptivos da relação homem-ambiente

Dourado, Graziela Freitas

Titre : Meios de Vida em um contexto semiárido : Aspectos culturais, sociopolíticos e perceptivos da relação homem-ambiente

Livelihood in a semiarid contexto : cultural, sociopolitical and perceptual aspects of the human-environment relation

Auteur : Dourado, Graziela Freitas

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal de Viçosa

Grade : Mestrado em Extensão Rural 2015

Résumé
The semiarid region, especially the semiarid natural environment is conveyed to numerous aesthetic and moral values. Starting from the use of the words sertão and semiarid as synonyms, it is clear that, most of the time, when talking about the Brazilian common sense, these values are aggregated to stereotyped and depreciating images. This research aimed to better understand the perception of the environment by the population of the municipality of Marcionílio Souza, located in the semiarid region of Bahia. The use of the term environment refers to the natural environment, in accordance with the same precepts of the authors of the ecological epistemology ; the choice of this municipality is justified, among other factors, by the high level of environmental degradation found. To achieve the objective described we used the livelihoods approach as an analytical tool, because when dealing with ways of living, it is needed to embrace and articulate environmental, income, employment, migration, sociability and gender issues, etc. These issues compose the life of the subjects studied and thus enable a better understanding of the ways of living and perceiving the environment. The man- environment relationship in Marcionílio Souza was explored from : the cultural aspects, mainly related to daily practices and forms of sociability intrinsic to the environment ; political and economic aspects, especially concerning public policies directed to the region, as well as forms of access to land ; and affective aspects, capitated through memory and forms of language typical of the place. It was concluded that the population of Marcionílio Souza, unlike the Brazilian common sense, does not emit pejorative aesthetic values of the semi-arid environment. And that course of action on the environment is strongly related to skills (in the ingold sense) and knowledge acquired over the experiences of life that is needed to survive with few resources. Thus, it was also found that there is a strong reminiscence of the forms of occupation and colonization of semiarid in contemporary social structures and, in many cases, the “sertanejo” was not able to act on the environment in different ways, as this was his primary or only livelihood, which led to overexploitation of natural resources

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