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Universidade de Fortaleza (UNIFOR) 2015

Impactos socioeconômicos do projeto de integração do Rio São Francisco com bacias hidrográficas do nordeste setentrional

Maia, Laise Luciene Costa de Lima

Titre : Impactos socioeconômicos do projeto de integração do Rio São Francisco com bacias hidrográficas do nordeste setentrional

Auteur : Maia, Laise Luciene Costa de Lima

Université de soutenance : Universidade de Fortaleza (UNIFOR)

Grade : Mestrado Em Administração De Empresas 2015

Résumé
The representation built on water is permeated by a myth and this underlies one fakery that makes this ambiguous image because it represents an upward water crisis, caused by strong demand and their supply conditions. Thus, it is understood that the global water crisis is less guided by their physical and more correlated to political governance issues shortages. Before the burst of natural water reservoirs and being the São Francisco River a perennial river, the transposition project aims to ensure the supply of water front to the lack of rains board. Thus, both the Sao Francisco River, as the transposition project, are seen as conducive to improving the well-being of this population through water management activities of this river. Some events such as drought and fluctuation in precipitation and river flows are clear examples of the change in real growth and impact on the performance of the economy, especially when the economy is directly based on natural resources and this may interfere with the survival and subsistence community. It notes that of the semi-arid region, from the transposition of the São Francisco River project, has suffered impacts in all phases of the project. Thus, from the Environmental Impact Studies (EIA) and Impacts of the Environment Report (EIR) were identified 44 potential impacts of this activity, but of these, only 09 are relevant to this work because they are related to socio-economic impacts. The purpose of this research is to identify what were the socio-economic impacts provided by RIMA (2004 were confirmed over the execution of the work). In order to answer the research objectives, it was used as a methodological procedure qualitative approach to a survey of descriptive. Thus, it was taken as a reference, the location of Mauriti-CE. Data collection happened in November 2014 and was given by primary sources using as collection instruments, direct non-participant observation and semi-structured in-depth interviews. For the treatment and analysis of the collected data, we used the technique of content analysis and discourse analysis. The results showed that socioeconomic impacts provided by RIMA were confirmed. But beyond this, the research revealed other impacts that were not foreseen by the RIMA. It was found though these impacts were relatively contradictory way, that is, according to the respondents, while the work on the translation caused positive socio-economic impacts also caused negative impacts on society. Keywords : Socioeconomic Impacts. Rio São Francisco. Watersheds. Semiarid. Northern Northeast. Sustainable development.

Mots Clés : Gestão ambiental Bacias hidrográficas - Rio São Francisco Impacto ambiental Desenvolvimento sustentável

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Page publiée le 17 août 2017, mise à jour le 11 septembre 2018