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Universidade de Fortaleza (UNIFOR) 2013

Água : percepção e uso em uma comunidade do semiárido nordestino

Romero, Viviane Clotilde Moreira Chaves

Titre : Água : percepção e uso em uma comunidade do semiárido nordestino

Auteur : Romero, Viviane Clotilde Moreira Chaves

Université de soutenance : Universidade de Fortaleza (UNIFOR)

Grade : Mestrado Em Psicologia 2013

The problem of water scarcity has long reaches rural areas of the State of Ceara and close increasingly to the major urban centres, requiring the implementation of effective solutions to ensure the population’s access to the resource, essential for their survival. The aim of this study was to analyze the perception, the use and the existence of pro-ecological behavior focused on water preservation within the perspective of the residents of a rural community of Ceará : Tijucussu. The method adopted for the feasibility of the proposed goal was the qualitative and it was chosen to use as instruments of the collection document analysis, observation and semi-structured interviews, applied with residents of the community. The collected data were analyzed from the theoretical models of Ajzen (1991 as cited in Sttats, 2003) and Feitkau e Kessel (1981 as cited in Dutra, 2010). The analysis allowed to realize that the water is of vital importance to the residents of Tijucussu, considered by them as a condition of survival, a divine blessing. The shortage experienced allows the use of the water only to the supply of basic necessities like quenching thirst, cooking and bathing. It was noted also the presence of water-saving behaviors and sharing of the resource by the ones who has more ways to get it. The presence of pro-ecological behavior in the community is associated with the time of resource scarcity, suggesting the necessity of implementing environmental education programs seeking greater awareness of the people about the environmental problems of the planet. Keywords : Perception. Water. Pro-ecological behavior. Northeastern semi-arid region.

Mots Clés : Psicologia ambiental Percepção Comportamento


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