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El Colegio de la Frontera Norte (2016)

Los conflictos socioterritoriales y ambientales en Cabo Pulmo, Baja California Sur : el dilema entre la conservación y el turismo

Barrera Osuna Félix Alberto

Titre : Los conflictos socioterritoriales y ambientales en Cabo Pulmo, Baja California Sur : el dilema entre la conservación y el turismo

Auteur : Barrera Osuna Félix Alberto

Etablissement de soutenance : El Colegio de la Frontera Norte

Grade : Maestría en Desarrollo Regional 2016

Résumé
Protected Natural Areas (PNA) are considered as one of the best tools of environmental management, to promote and encourage the conservation of ecosystems. Similarly, these natural spaces offer the opportunity to local communities (within the polygon of the PNA or those surrounding it) to develop through economic activities that have a low impact to ecosystems. However, to reach a balance between economic benefit and environmental conservation is complicated, and usually is the cause of socio-environmental conflicts and territorial partner. Thus, under this premise and in order to identify and analyze the different factors that favor the generation of socio-territorial and environmental conflicts in Cabo Pulmo and Cabo Pulmo National Park (CPNP) ; the theoretical and conceptual approach is constructed by four axes of analysis : the theory of local development focused on sustainability as a framework for understanding the development of isolated communities, management and environmental governance, referring to the PNA as instrument of environmental protection, alternative tourism, as the main economic activity in Cabo Pulmo, and finally, the socio-territorial and environmental conflicts. The methodology strategy was focused on the application of semi structured questionnaires to the community stakeholders, as well as academic and government actors. The main findings demonstrate the existence of four types of conflicts : conflict over land tenure, for use and access to natural resources, relationships between actors and quarrels with neighboring communities. This allows us to affirm that the absence of a management of these conflicts, compromise the community development and sustainability of NPCP.

Mots Clés : socioterritorial and environmental conflicts, Natural Protected Areas, local development, alternative tourism, conservatio

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Page publiée le 2 janvier 2018