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El Colegio de la Frontera Norte (2016)

Análisis de la participación social para el impulso de servicios ecosistémicos como medida de adaptación para reducir la vulnerabilidad social al cambio climático en la ciudad de Tijuana

Almaraz Vázquez María Nely

Titre : Análisis de la participación social para el impulso de servicios ecosistémicos como medida de adaptación para reducir la vulnerabilidad social al cambio climático en la ciudad de Tijuana

Auteur : Almaraz Vázquez María Nely

Etablissement de soutenance : El Colegio de la Frontera Norte

Grade : Maestría en Administración Integral del Ambiente 2016

Résumé
The growing number of disasters associated with hydro-meteorological and climatic events in recent decades evidence the aggravation of social vulnerability to these events in cities, particularly among low-income groups frequently located in risk-prone areas of incomplete urbanization. Adaptation strategies to these events must take into account the needs of those social groups to which they are intended. Tijuana clearly illustrates this situation. Its urban structure resulted from different biophysical and social processes that have transformed the urban space. Its geographical location, landscape, climatic regime and an overflowing urban growth are underlying factors of exposure and sensitivity to climatic events. This growth has led people to settle on hillsides, canyons, floodplains, increasing their direct exposure and aggravating social vulnerability to hydro-meteorological and climatic extremes. The search for alternatives to reduce social vulnerability to climate variability and climate change requires operational approaches. This research examines ways to promote the use of ecosystem services as a strategy of adaptation to these events. The research considers ecosystem services as part of an approach to lived spaces within the social construction of space, particularly in neighborhoods located in hazardous areas within the city. Elements of social vulnerability and ecosystem services are linked through this approach facilitating the design of adaptation strategies

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Page publiée le 22 décembre 2017