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Universidad Autónoma del Estado de San Luis Potosí (UASLP) 2011

DESARROLLO Y PRODUCCIÓN DE CABUCHES EN Ferocactus pilosus (GALEOTTI)

Martínez Rosales, Carolina del Rocío

Titre : DESARROLLO Y PRODUCCIÓN DE CABUCHES EN Ferocactus pilosus (GALEOTTI)

Auteur : Martínez Rosales, Carolina del Rocío

Etablissement de soutenance : Universidad Autónoma del Estado de San Luis Potosí (UASLP)

Grade : Ingeniera Agroecóloga 2011

Résumé
The arid and semiarid regions of Mexico have a lot of natural resources, which are used by its inhabitants and the cactus family is not exempt. Flower buds of red barrel cactus (Ferocactus pilosus) "cabuches" are consumed regionally in the highlands of San Luis during the season of Lent, and even are industrialized. The removal for ornamental purposes and the status biznaga cabuches in natural populations has led to the species under protected. However, there is insufficient information on the development of this species. The objective of this study was to determine under what conditions water uptake and substrates of the biznaga cabuchera (F. pilosus) showing greater growth and cabuches production. Four treatments were evaluated : with and without micro basin, along with no mixing of the substrate and with a mixture of CaCO3.Sampling was conducted from 2006 to 2010 and production was evaluated during the months when the flower buds appeared.ANOVA was performed, test Tukey mean comparison (T1, T2 y T3) and a t test (T2 y T4) and correlation analysis between variables. The biznagas established under treatment with watershed without any mixture as a substrate (with average values of pH : 7.29 and 1% carbonate), with 2 individuals and under the treatment of high watershed condition and with a mixture of CaCO3 (with average values of pH : 7.53 and 5% carbonate) and 3 individuals were significantly equal at both showed greater growth in diameter and height, a greater number of ribs at 10 years and greater production of cabuches, time of appearance of floral buds was from February to April. While working insects were found associated with red barrel cactus belonging to the Hemiptera and Hymenoptera families whose interaction is not yet described, plus a honeydew unreferenced. So it is convenient monitoring the development of this biznaga.

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