Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 1988 → Intervention and dependency : A case study of animation rurale programmes in Burkina Faso

Stanford University (1988)

Intervention and dependency : A case study of animation rurale programmes in Burkina Faso

Maclure, Richard Alexander

Titre : Intervention and dependency : A case study of animation rurale programmes in Burkina Faso

Auteur : Maclure, Richard Alexander.

Etablissement de soutenance : Stanford University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1988

Many rural development agencies in francophone West Africa have adopted programmes of animation rurale. A method of intervention combining nonformal education and the promotion of participatory rural institutions, the prime objective of animation rurale is to heighten village people’s knowledge and skills, and to engage their widespread participation in the direction and control of social change. Yet contrary to these objectives, growing evidence indicates that animation rurale programmes have instead stimulated new dimensions of dependency. This dissertation attempts to explain such a fundamental contradiction by presenting a case study of the dynamics of three nongovernment animation rurale programmes in Burkina Faso’s Namentenga Province. The methodology of the study has been comparative and ethnographic, focussing on the interaction between three nongovernment organizations (NGOs) and four Mossi villages. Evidence from the study reveals that induced village dependency as an outcome of intervention has been virtually inevitable, given the relatively closed and vulnerable state of Mossi society on the one side and the ample resources of the internationally-funded NGOs on the other. Yet two additional factors have exacerbated village dependency. First, the NGOs have over-estimated the effectiveness of animation rurale as an instrument of social change and have under-estimated the constraints of socio-cultural and economic context which limit the capacity of villagers to accomodate change. Second, they have failed to reconcile contradictions between their own internal lines of authority and accountability and their spoused animation rurale objectives of enhancing local participation in rural development. Thus while animation rurale is oriented to ’bottom-up’ development, the dynamic of the process frequently lies not with village people but with external agencies of intervention. In order to diminish village dependency these agencies should not turn to transitory goals of ’self-reliance’ and ’autonomously’ managed and controlled village systems. Instead they must promote more equitable linkages of structural parity and interdependency between village and non-village institutions.

Search Oxford Libraries On Line (SOLO)

Preview (PROQUEST)

Page publiée le 17 mars 2018, mise à jour le 31 octobre 2018