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University of Guelph (2007)

The political ecology of urbanization : Fuelwood use and sourcing in Maun, Botswana

Van der Horst, Greg

Titre : The political ecology of urbanization : Fuelwood use and sourcing in Maun, Botswana

Auteur : Van der Horst, Greg

Etablissement de soutenance : University of Guelph

Grade : Master of Arts (MA) 2007

Résumé
Rapid urban growth has significantly transformed the social, economic and ecological living conditions of rural and urban Africans. However, while economic and political dimensions of rural-urban transformation have been explored, changes in human-environmental interaction driven by increasing anthropogenic ecosystem modification have been understudied. This study explores the political ecology of urbanization through an analysis of household fuelwood consumption and sourcing in the rapidly growing town of Maim, Botswana. Its findings are that : (1) commercial energy prices are important determinants of urban fuelwood consumption ; (2) fuelwood harvesting patterns are determined more by relative deadwood abundance than source proximity or transport cost ; and (3) house-hold urban-rural socio-economic linkages are critical influences on harvesters’ responses to fuelwood availability patterns. The study concludes that both external and local factors have been key to the creation of a socio-ecological urban-rural gradient which, in turn, significantly influences urban fuelwood sourcing decisions in Maim and its hinterland.

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Page publiée le 29 septembre 2017, mise à jour le 1er février 2018