Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Projets de développement → Projets de recherche pour le Développement → 2017 → The Morbidity of Mobility as a Cause of the Tragedy of Commons : Human and Environmental Impacts of Constrained Livestock Mobility in Arid and Semi-Arid Kenya

Fonds National Suisse de la Recherche Scientifique (FNSRS) (2017)

The Morbidity of Mobility as a Cause of the Tragedy of Commons : Human and Environmental Impacts of Constrained Livestock Mobility in Arid and Semi-Arid Kenya

Livestock Mobility in Arid and Semi-Arid Kenya

Titre : The Morbidity of Mobility as a Cause of the Tragedy of Commons : Human and Environmental Impacts of Constrained Livestock Mobility in Arid and Semi-Arid Kenya

Numéro  : 175227

Début/Fin : 01.09.2017 - 30.04.2018

Requérant  : Achiba Gargule Department of Water Resources International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC)

Résumé
The food security of migrant pastoralists on the arid and semi-arid rangelands of Kenya is critically affected by the quality and ease of access to common pool resources in pastoral rangelands. The foundational access rights of pastoralists to rangeland’s rich array of common pool resources saw a dramatic transformation about twenty years ago with increasing pressure from competing and contradictory land uses. Pastoral common pool resources are under extensive acquisition by governments and allocation to competing uses such as agro-industrial companies and foreign states agencies promising to use it for highly efficient commercial agriculture, or by conservation groups and entrepreneurs who vow to protect wildlife and at the same time propagate high-end lucrative tourist ventures. The primary implication of this development is the fragmentation of pastoral rangelands and consequent change in the access rights to critical resources including pasture, water, strategic dry season grazing and migration routes ; leaving a problematic outcome for livelihoods, human welfare and environmental health which mirrors Hardin’s “tragedy of commons. A crucial, highly understudied aspect in the current literature is an understanding of the impact of constrained mobility on human welfare and environmental health, which are at the bedrock of understanding the system as a whole. The proposed research seeks to address these lacunae through a unique and highly innovative interdisciplinary study which brings together socio-economic household data and spatio-temporal analytical tools (with a particular focus on time series normalized difference vegetative index (NDVI and remote sensing data) to generate a number of policy-relevant results on the feedbacks between spontaneous assertion of rights over CPRs by the state and the privatization process and migrant pastoralism and the environmental wellbeing. In addition, this research will test recent methodological innovations in the multi-temporal analysis as a technique of assessing transformation of pastoral livelihoods in arid and semi-arid Kenya where such methodologies have limited applications to date. This research will contribute to a better understanding how privatisation of common pool resources is exacerbating pastoral livelihood crisis in the context of climate change and local and global market processes.

Mots clés : Common pool resources, Land Use change, Mobility, Arid and Semi-Arid Lands, Pastoralism

Fonds National Suisse de la Recherche Scientifique

Page publiée le 7 septembre 2017, mise à jour le 12 octobre 2017