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Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 1995 → Settlement policies and development : The case of Botswana

University of Kansas (1995)

Settlement policies and development : The case of Botswana

Swan, Hedley Maurice

Titre : Settlement policies and development : The case of Botswana

Auteur : Swan, Hedley Maurice

Etablissement de soutenance : University of Kansas

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1995

Settlement policies ; the basis for their formulation and their contribution to development are the issues addressed by this dissertation. The research objective is twofold : first, to ascertain the methods of analysis suitable for both explaining a settlement system and identifying centers suitable for development within the context of a settlement policy. The second objective is to demonstrate the contribution that a settlement policy can make to development. There are five main factors to be considered in the study and formulation of settlement policies : models of regional and economic development, settlement policy theory, the dynamics of growth in small and medium sized population centers, the role of history, and methods of analysis. A settlement policy can contribute to development objectives by identifying settlements that have either the potential for development or the possibility of stimulating development in their service area, but which lack some vital attribute that may be provided by either government or private sector action. However a settlement policy cannot overcome such obstacles as inadequate resource base or the friction of distance. The findings indicate that much of the present settlement system can be explained by five factors : strategic location, resource base, foreign investment, administrative function, and advanced transport technology. The sine qua non of a viable settlement is an exploitable resource base ; whether that be natural such as soil, minerals, or water ; or man made such as advantageous location, infrastructure, or human skills. The case study focuses on the historical development of the settlement system and the formulation of a National Settlement Policy in Botswana. Botswana was chosen for three reasons ; the writer had worked there for three years as regional planner, their National Settlement Policy is still in the early stages of implementation, and the country at independence in 1966 inherited far less colonial infrastructure than most other African countries. This study is important for two reasons ; there is a lack of studies of the dynamics of settlement systems and few evaluations of settlement policies in Africa.

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