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Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 1999 → Botswana rural women’s transition to urban business success : Collective struggles, collective learning

University of Georgia (1999)

Botswana rural women’s transition to urban business success : Collective struggles, collective learning

Ntseane, Peggy Gabotlhapiwe

Titre : Botswana rural women’s transition to urban business success : Collective struggles, collective learning

Auteur : Ntseane, Peggy Gabotlhapiwe

Etablissement de soutenance : University of Georgia

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1999

The unregulated or informal sector of the world economy is growing regardless of a variety of restrictive government policies because of global economic reconstruction and recessions. Particularly in developing countries, the unregulated sector is a means of survival for female headed households. In Botswana an increasing number of women migrate from the rural to the urban areas because of economic hardships in the rural areas. Current research shows that a small number of women have been able to develop enterprises that have demonstrated remarkable growth. The purpose of this study was to understand how Botswana women move from unemployment in the rural areas to owning successful small businesses in urban settings. This research study employed a descriptive qualitative design that used in-depth, semi-structured interviews for data collection. The sample included thirteen purposefully selected small businesswomen who successfully moved their unregulated or informal businesses from the rural areas to regulated or formal status in urban Botswana. The sample reflected diversity in age, ethnicity, education, type of business, and number of years in business. Four research questions guided this study : (a) What contextual and personal factors are associated with the success of women’s businesses ? Which factors facilitated and which factors impeded the process ? (b) How do women overcome social and contextual barriers so that their businesses can succeed ? (c) What formal and informal learning was required and how was it obtained ? and (d) Is there a common process women in this culture go through to build a successful business ? Guided by the constant comparative method, data analysis revealed four general conclusions : (a) small businesswomen’s successes need to be understood in a specific socio-cultural context, (b) business success is sustained through non-competitive networking, (c) business training obtained through formal and informal learning is essential for sustaining success, and (d) despite individual differences, gender shaped the experiences of women who became successful business owners. While the important roles of context and informal learning were reported in the literature, the findings of this study contributed other dimensions to these concepts. This study adds the social and cultural concepts of patriarchy and community orientation to the definition of context. This study also expands experiential learning theory and practice by focusing on group activities instead of the individual as the primary actor in the process of knowledge construction

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