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Technische Universität Berlin (2016)

The experiences with and the legal basis of urban planning in Iran

Javadi, Mehdi

Titre : The experiences with and the legal basis of urban planning in Iran

Die Erfahrungen mit der Stadtplanung im Iran und die damit verbundene Rechtsgrundlage

Auteur : Javadi, Mehdi

Université de soutenance : Technische Universität Berlin

Grade : Doktor der Ingenieurwissenschaften Dr.-Ing. 2016

Résumé
This study aims to present a holistic picture of urban planning and development experience in Iran by focusing on legal structures in national, provincial and local levels. It is aimed to outline different layers of urban planning and development, embodied in various practices such as scales and levels of land use planning, approval of development projects, planning and development of new towns, renewal of urban deteriorated fabrics and the mechanisms of national building regulations and associated controlling and supervisory tools. Having accomplished that, the next step is to figure out if all existing layers of urban development and planning from initiation to ratification and then implementation and supervision are necessary and desirable and if they are working flawlessly. Here will also be discussed if the interactions between stake holders at each level are defined in a way that the obligations are clear, the overlaps are avoided and the ratifications of rules and regulations, implementation of land use plans and development projects as well as new towns development and urban renewals and last but not least the obligatory supervisory tools and mechanisms to safeguard their implementation are working efficiently. Having discussed it, it will then be argued how to restructure the urban planning system in favor of a more decentralized, transparent, efficient and competent one, in which local actors gain more power to initiate, ratify and implement urban plans and projects. Moreover, it will be argued how it is possible to secure the sound realization of rules and regulations by empowering the existing supervisory organizations. Whether it can be considered to reduce the layers of urban planning and assigning local actors such as municipalities with more decision-making authority will be analyzed subsequently. To support the hypothesis and in order to be able to address the research questions adequately, it is inevitable to outline the status quo by referring to experiences of urban planning and development of urban projects. Hence, a case study -City of Isfahan- was chosen, per which all above-mentioned subjects and study fields can be discussed with view to urban planning and development in practice. The results show that the urban planning practice in Iran is unnecessarily complex and multilayered and shall be restructured in favor of a more decentralized and localized system by focusing on strengthening municipalities as the most competent entities to take the responsibility for it. At the same time, supervisory organizations shall be empowered with more authorities to secure such transition for now and in future.

Mots clés  : urban renewal urban development new towns development approval development projects land use planning urban planning law Iran Isfahan städtische Erneuerung Stadtentwicklung New-Towns-Entwicklung Entwicklungsprojekte Genehmigung Landnutzungsplanung Städtebaurecht

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