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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Allemagne → 2016 → Risk perception and governance performance in Multi-Sector Partnerships The case study of the Permanent Drought Commission of the Jucar River Basin

Universität Hamburg (2016)

Risk perception and governance performance in Multi-Sector Partnerships The case study of the Permanent Drought Commission of the Jucar River Basin

Carmona Costa María

Titre : Risk perception and governance performance in Multi-Sector Partnerships The case study of the Permanent Drought Commission of the Jucar River Basin

Auteur : Carmona Costa María

Université de soutenance : Universität Hamburg

Grade : Doktorgrades 2016

Résumé
The management of natural hazards includes the management of a multitude of impacts affecting different sectors. In recent years the need for management has increased and requires cooperative governance actions such as Multi-Sector Partnerships, i.e. a variety of stakeholders from different sectors working in close collaboration and providing common perspectives and assets to facilitate management. The basis for management initiatives and their willingness of collaboration with others and unification of efforts is the perceptions that stakeholders have. However, these perceptions might be biased due to a lack of understanding of the multi-effects of hazards and the characteristics of their accompanying risks. Particular group criteria are needed to support the proper functioning of a Multi-Sector Partnership threatened by a risk. These criteria describe the current risk culture and are in itself also a compendium of which criteria are compulsory to support the formation of partnerships. In this work the perception and the mental constructs of risk are examined using different case studies and their association with management practices. This examination is done using web-based questionnaires and expert interviews. In order to gain a more comprehensive picture of why and under which conditions stakeholders join each other to face a particular risk, the history of risk perception is analysed in a specific case study, the Jucar River Basin. This study highlights how a better understanding of groups’ perception of risk, which in turn influences their attitudes towards risk management, is indispensable for supporting the formation of Multi-Sector Partnerships. Once Multi-Sector Partnerships are shaped and decisions on risk management initiatives are made, an evaluation of their risk governance processes is required. In the current study, a framework based on capital approaches was developed and applied to assess Multi-Sector Partnerships’ governance performance. This framework aims at analysing the governance capabilities of Multi-Sector Partnerships. Furthermore, this analytical framework detects weaknesses and strengths. This detection allows improving weak aspects and highlighting strengths, which might be transferred to subsequent risk events as examples of effective governance. The case study in the Jucar River Basin, located in Eastern Spain, is used to apply the theoretical framework to an empirical case in order to obtain tangible results and show how the creation and institutionalisation of partnerships has supported an efficient risk management. The case study area is a drought prone area, characterized by climate variability and water scarcity with a long tradition of adaptation to droughts. For nearly one hundred years, the institutional and non-institutional strategies to face droughts have been successful through the development of institutions and partnerships around drought management. Over the last 30 years a Multi-Sector Partnership addresses the governance and the decision making processes during drought events, i.e. Permanent Drought Commission. This study analyses the governance performance of this Multi-Sector Partnership, not only as a steady-state study of this partnership, but also a dynamical analysis in time of the changes undergone by the Permanent Drought Commission, which has demonstrated its effectiveness in governance drought management. Thus, this work contributes to an improved analysis of risk perceptions driving risk management and their related effectiveness in governance performance

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Page publiée le 30 septembre 2017