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Universidade do Porto (2017)

Community-Based Adaptation to Climate Change : Case Study of three communities in Mozambique

Nurbibi Mohomed Rafik

Titre : Community-Based Adaptation to Climate Change : Case Study of three communities in Mozambique

Auteur : Nurbibi Mohomed Rafik

Université de soutenance : Universidade do Porto

Grade : Mestrado em Economia e Gestão do Ambiente 2017

This study mainly aims at evaluating the PACA (Community Action Plans for Adaptation) project, which is a Community-Based Adaptation (CBA) project designed by the Mozambican Government. One of the main problems that PACA project sought to solve was water shortage, mainly due to the drought that devastated most of the country from 2015 to 2017. Besides doing an overall evaluation of the project, this study is more focused on doing the evaluation through understanding how the local groups are organized and how they manage the common scarce resource that they share, which is water. Besides the adaptation measures implemented by PACA project, it is crucial to analyze the management system of the infrastructure because that is what will sustain the project. We argue that without a good management system, the project cannot sustain itself. The model used to evaluate the water infrastructure management system was the "Design Principles" by Elinor Ostrom, and some other literature sources on Community-based projects were used to give an overall evaluation of the PACA project. The results of the study show that the CBA projects are vital in the process of adaptation to climate change in Mozambique, though each case is different depending on the context of each community. It was found that the PACA project was following the CBA projects key features, and the management systems are satisfactory, according to Ostrom´s "Design Principles." This study shows that some initial objectives were still not met, because the project ended recently. It also argues that such projects have to be better planned so that the project could be capable of generating sustainable long-term improvements in livelihoods and well-being for the community members. Time constraints were considered the main problem of the PACA project. Many CBA practitioners are established in nongovernment organizations, and government agencies, where they face time constraints to publish in academic journals. That means that much of their knowledge and experience is not shared as widely as it should be. For this reason, the present study brings up the experience of a CBA project in three rural communities in the south of Mozambique. Moreover, this research can be useful to the Mozambican Government and for the organizations that took part in the PACA process. Mots clés  : Mozambique, Climate Change, Adaptation to Climate Change, CommunityBased Adaptation projects


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