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Universitaet Wien (1997)

Water crisis and the national security of the middle east states

Karim, K.

Titre : Water crisis and the national security of the middle east states

Auteur : Karim, K.

Akad. Grad : Thesis. Doctoral 1997

Université de soutenance : Institut fuer Politikwissenschaft ; Grund- und Integrativwissenschaftliche Fakultaet ; Universitaet Wien

Scarce water resources in the middle east have been at the heart of many conflicts in the region. Thus Turkey controls 96 % of the affluents of the river Tigris and 45 % of the aggluents of the Euphrates. The monumental GAP irrigation project will significantly reduce the water quotas for Syria and Iraq. At the heart of the conflict there are competing territorial claims and global Turkish strategy of trading water for Arabian oil. Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Israel face their own water problems. Jordan has an extremely low rate of precipitation and crucially depends on the resources of river Jordan, which it has to share with neighboring countries. 60 % of the water supply in Israel in turn depends on ground water from the West Bank and Gaza, of which 20 % must already now be classified as highly insalinated. A successful peace process in the Middle East will have to involve a settlement of water rights in the region. Similar problems have occurred in Northeast Africa, where the Nile is shared by nine countries. 86 % of the affluents of the Nile lie in Ethiopian territory and since Egypt is the only final consumer of the Nile waters, it regards the Nile as a strategic resource of national security. The water crisis has increasingly involved also a quality component. International Law has developed several doctrines concerning international rivers and the modern international environmental law has brought forth further instruments which relate to the issue. Methods of thesis : The thesis is to investigate the water crisis in the Middle East in the context of national and regional security from a political-science point of view. In its analyses, it will also make use of instruments of economic and international law. Results : the water is a strategic weapon in the Middle East ; the water is an under priced economic good in the Middle East ; there is no international convention concerning the use of international water courses.

Mots clé : Wasserkrise / Naher Osten / nationale Sicherheit / Wassernutzung / plitischer Konflikt / Wasserversorgung / Sicherheitspolitik — water crisis / middle east / national security / water using / political conflicts / security policy

Présentation : Österreichische Dissertationsdatenbank

Page publiée le 11 juin 2008, mise à jour le 14 mars 2019