Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Master → Oman → Evaluation of Hydrogen Sulphide Emission from Al-Ansab Sewage Treatment Plant

Sultan Qaboos University (2014)

Evaluation of Hydrogen Sulphide Emission from Al-Ansab Sewage Treatment Plant

AL Sulaimi Intisar

Titre : Evaluation of Hydrogen Sulphide Emission from Al-Ansab Sewage Treatment Plant

Auteur : AL Sulaimi Intisar

Université de soutenance : Sultan Qaboos University

Grade : Master Civil and Architecture Engineering 2014

Résumé
Odor is defined as the perception of smell or as a sensation resulting from the reception of stimulus by the olfactory sensory system. Odors emitted from wastewater treatment plants (WTPs) are becoming a significant source of environmental annoyance. Odor related complaints from communities surrounding WTPs have been constantly increasing during the last decade. Most commonly reported odor-producing compounds are hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and ammonia (NH3). The purpose of this research study is to evaluate H2S emission from Al-Ansab sewage treatment plant. The emphasis of the study is to compare the H2S concentrations discharged from chemical wet scrubber to the plant standard specifications. In addition, it aims to determine the H2S emission dispersion from the main odor sources. There are a number of odor sources within Al-Ansab sewage treatment plant that together or independently result in the presence of significant odor. The concentrations of H2S were measured by Multi-gas Detector from different locations. The efficiency of the chemical wet scrubber was evaluated. Moreover, Gaussian dispersion equation was used to estimate the concentrations of H2S downwind direction from the main two odor sources in the plant. The dispersion of H2S emission was analyzed under two different weather conditions. The results showed that the efficiency of the chemical wet scrubber was about 90%. However, the concentration of H2S at the outlet of the scrubber was not complying with the specified value (1 ppm) in many times. The possible causes and observations of the resulted chemical wet scrubber efficiency were analyzed and discussed. The dispersion findings demonstrated that the required limit of the concentration of H2S of 1 ppm was found after 50 m from both sources under the stable weather conditions. Whereas, theses distances were found at 30 m from the tanker discharge facility and 8 m from the chemical wet scrubber outlet stack location under the unstable weather conditions. It is concluded that the plant is not complying well with the required specifications of H2S. Hence, some recommendations were suggested to reduce the odor problem at Al Ansab plant and to improve the efficiency of the chemical wet scrubber. engineering.

Présentation

Page publiée le 29 mars 2018