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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Royaume-Uni → 2017 → Towards optimal design strategies in hot-arid climate : A comparative study of environmental and socio-cultural performance of the traditional and modern housing in Baghdad, Iraq.

Cardiff University (2017)

Towards optimal design strategies in hot-arid climate : A comparative study of environmental and socio-cultural performance of the traditional and modern housing in Baghdad, Iraq.

Salman, Nagham

Titre : Towards optimal design strategies in hot-arid climate : A comparative study of environmental and socio-cultural performance of the traditional and modern housing in Baghdad, Iraq.

Auteur : Salman, Nagham

Université de soutenance : Cardiff University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2017

Résumé
The main aim of the research is to identify and evaluate the environmental and socio-cultural performance of traditional and modern houses in Iraq in order to establish optimal design strategies that enable occupant comfort in a context of reduced energy use and socio-cultural responsiveness. Through literature review and primary investigation this research has identified and evaluated important factors relating to traditional and modern houses in Baghdad. These are socio-cultural, economic, neighbourhood, architectural, services and environmental factors and the research has compared these characteristics in existing traditional and modern houses. The study has included a physical survey of fourteen case study houses in Baghdad, seven traditional and seven modern, to establish their current architectural characteristics, as well as occupant observation and a questionnaire survey of the occupants of these houses in order to establish their perspective on the socio-cultural and environmental responsiveness of their current houses. Further, occupants’ comfort diaries were analysed and thermal monitoring undertaken of two selected traditional houses and two selected modern houses during representative summer and winter periods. The thesis presents analysis of these findings together with analytical comparison of the thermal performance of the two traditional houses and of all four monitored houses for the summer and winter in order to establish the current occupant comfort, satisfaction and thermal performance of these houses. Finally, the research has sought to combine the findings of these investigations to inform a set of design considerations responding to the socio-cultural, economic, neighbourhood, architectural, services and environmental factors found to be relevant in the current context. These proposals respond to the negative performance found in both traditional and modern houses, as well as draw on positive performance identified in each, in order to propose future design strategies that are intended to inform a modern vernacular style for housing in Baghdad.

Mots Clés : Hot, arid, climate, environmental, socio-cultural, traditional, modern housing, Baghdad, Iraq

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Page publiée le 26 janvier 2018, mise à jour le 25 octobre 2018