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Wageningen University (2016)

How social capital shapes community participation : a case study on a community-based ecotourism intervention in Amboseli, Kenya

Albrecht, Sabrina

Titre : How social capital shapes community participation : a case study on a community-based ecotourism intervention in Amboseli, Kenya

Auteur : Albrecht, Sabrina

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : MSc of Applied Communication Science 2016

Résumé
New nature conservation mechanisms for habitat preservation are indispensably. Ecotourism is seen as part of the solution and is used as a tool to conserve the environment since the 1990’s, by offering nature sensitive responsible travel options. Planning ecotourism projects in and around conservation areas, was mainly done in a top-down management manner and has neglected to view the local community as essential partners for its proper development. Local people were not involved in the ecotourism planning process, and therefore could not guide it in line with their culture and needs. There are several challenges and limitations concerning the use of genuine community participation in a tourism intervention, especially in development countries. This thesis aims to explore a Community-Based Ecotourism (CBE) development in Amboseli, Kenya with help of a case study. More specifically with this research I explored the influence that Social Capital has on the community participation process of the local community. The social structure of the host community needs to be respected in order to know what is needed for this community to participate in the intervention. In this thesis I am examining community participation within the bonding and linking dimension of a community, by zooming in on trust and power relations. Tourism is a crucial part of the Amboseli ecosystem but local landowners keep struggling with unequal distribution of benefits and no involvement in the tourism industry. The Kilitome Conservancy serves as an example of public-private partnerships for CBE, which was initiated by the African Wildlife Foundation and financed by Tawi lodge.

Mots Clés : Community-Based Ecotourism, tourism development, interventions, Social Capital, trust, power, community participation, Kenya.

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Page publiée le 23 janvier 2018