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Durham University (1981)

The social organisation of selected villages in the Marvdasht Plain, Fars Province, southern Iran

Marsden, D J.

Titre : The social organisation of selected villages in the Marvdasht Plain, Fars Province, southern Iran

Auteur : Marsden, D J.

Université de soutenance : Durham University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1981

Résumé partiel
The population of the Marvdasht plain form the subject matter of this thesis. The plain is located in central Fars province, north of the provincial capital of Shiraz. The population is diverse in origin reflecting the heterogeneous character of regional society, with its complex mix of sedentary and nomadic elements. Until the execution of a supposedly radical land reform programme in the 1960s much of the plain was under the control of absentee landlords. In the thesis attention is focused on a particular part of the plain, the Ayub valley, and in particular on the village of Chamaniý a newly settled village containing Persian, Luri, and Turki speakers. Parallel to this the activities of both landlords and villagers are traced out from the village into the region in which they are contextualised, and features of other villages in the plain are also emphasised. The first three chapters serve to set the scene. After an introductory description of the provincial environment and of major features in the social organisation of the province, attention is directed to an examination of the inter-relationship between nomadism and sedentarism, because a large proportion of villagers were former pastoral nomads and still maintain significant relationships with the nomadic sector. It is hypothesised that, rather- than looking at nomadism and sedentarism as separate types of social organisation, it is perhaps more useful to regard them as variations on a small number of themes. Chapter III elaborates this point, through an examination of tribal organisation which has often been equated with nomadism,

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