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Sokoine University of Agriculture (2014)

Gendered analysis of the determinants of adaptive capacity to climate change among smallholder farmers in Meatu and Iramba districts, Tanzania

Ibrahim, Angelina

Titre : Gendered analysis of the determinants of adaptive capacity to climate change among smallholder farmers in Meatu and Iramba districts, Tanzania

Auteur : Ibrahim, Angelina

Université de soutenance : Sokoine University of Agriculture

Grade : MASTER OF ARTS IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT 2014

Résumé
This study was conducted to examine determinants of adaptive capacity to climate change among men, women and other vulnerable groups of smallholder farmers in Meatu and Iramba districts, Tanzania. Purposively the study intended to analyze community perception to climate change ; analyze adaptation practices developed and used by farmers for livelihood ; examine elements of adaptive capacity including institutions and knowledge ; and determine factors responsible for adaptive capacity. Data were collected from randomly selected 63 men and 57 women to make a total of 120 respondents in three purposively selected villages from Meatu and Iramba District using a structured and non structured questionnaire. Descriptive and regression analyses using Statistical Package for Social Sciences were employed to determine the factors for adaptive capacity. Adaptive capacity of men and women in the study area was measured using two proxies : household factor and farm factor. Determinants of adaptive capacity were measured by adaptive capacity index of access and control over assets. Results of descriptive analysis suggest that adaptive capacity of men and women in Meatu and Iramba was influenced by sex of respondents, age of household head, education, household size, household labour, farm size, land ownership, household asset and household income. Although income did not show influence on adaptive capacity, asset ownership within the household indicated high influence. A multinomial Logit model (MLM) revealed that adaptive capacity of men and women in Meatu and Iramba was attributed to factors of age, sex, household size, household labour, land ownership, household asset and household income which were statistically significant at p<0.1, p<0.05 and p<0.01 regression coefficients. The study revealed respondents were either positively or negatively adapting using three levels of adaptive capacity such as highly, moderately or low. For individual to cope either highly/moderately and/or low it depended on access and control over household assets. Therefore individual with low access and control over assets were more experiencing climate change effects than others. The study recommends among other things, that adaptive capacity is gendered and multiplicity, meaning that adaptive capacity of men and women varies depending on access and control over resources.

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