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St. Paul’s University (2016)

EFFECTS OF THE CHANGING GENDER ROLES ON THE FAMILY : A CASE STUDY OF CITAM WOODLEY, NAIROBI COUNTY, KENYA

Nyanchoga, Winfred E.

Titre : EFFECTS OF THE CHANGING GENDER ROLES ON THE FAMILY : A CASE STUDY OF CITAM WOODLEY, NAIROBI COUNTY, KENYA

Auteur : Nyanchoga, Winfred E.

Université de soutenance : St. Paul’s University

Grade : Master of Development Studies 2016

Résumé
The early typical gender roles of marriage placed the husband as breadwinner and protector while the wife was a homemaker and mother. In the 20th and 21st century, studies have revealed significant changes in gender roles due to economic and socio-political changes that have significantly impacted on the family structure and relationships. The purpose of this study was to assess how the family structure, bonds and relationships are impacted on by changes in gender roles and the role the church is playing in addressing these changes. In addressing these problematic issues this study was guided by three major objectives based on factors that affect the changing gender roles in the family ; the effects of changing gender roles on the family structure and relationships ; and the role of the church in addressing these changes. The research employed a case study design and adopted both purposive and snowball sampling techniques to derive a suitable sample for the study. The research used interviews, Focus Group Discussion and questionnaires to gather data from members of the various family structures that attend church at CITAM Woodley. The process of data analysis began with the interview ; and then documents were read in a recursive and dynamic description to provide strong evidence of issues and factors on the assessment of the effects of the changing gender roles on the family in CITAM Woodley. It was established that factors such as education and economic empowerment contributed significantly to changes in gender roles, family structure and relationships. The changing gender roles also impacted on the family structure and relationships. There were the negative aspects resulting from the changing gender roles such as divorce and separation but the study also established that there are positive aspects including occupational mobility of women, taking of leadership roles and more income for the family. Furthermore the study found out that the church institution came up with several coping strategies such as counseling to assist it members in coping with the changing gender roles. The study recommends for a strong church based support system to for counseling of church members in CITAM Woodley ; member education and policy formulation on gender roles and creation of awareness amongst church members in order to help shape their perception and attitudes towards changing gender roles and their effect on family bond, structure and relationship.

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