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Eastern Mediterranean University (2014)

The Study of the Relation between Spatial Organization and Climate in Traditional Iranian Architecture by the Use of Graph Theory

Pourvahidi, Parastoo

Titre : The Study of the Relation between Spatial Organization and Climate in Traditional Iranian Architecture by the Use of Graph Theory

Auteur : Pourvahidi, Parastoo

Université de soutenance : Eastern Mediterranean University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy in Architecture (PhD) 2014

Résumé
This research will analyze the traditional Iranian buildings according to the climatic factors by the use of graph theory. By this way, the hypothesis that climate factor has a major effect on the organization of the spaces in traditional Iranian buildings will be tested. Access graphs have been used to clarify the connectivity and depth of a building’s spaces from the socio-cultural point of view. However, it cannot be applied to climate studies. Thus, this study developed and justifies the existing technique to define building layouts in terms of climate and thermal comfort. The thermal comfort was graphically evaluated by the two main factors like solar gain and wind effect, with the use of a simple multi-attribute rating technique. All the analysis had been done in the interval of zero (the worst condition) to three (the best condition). The proposed justified graph method proved that the thermal comfort factors of the buildings under study match the seasonal movements of their inhabitants. Consequently, the developed justified graph method can be used to study space organization in traditional Iranian building in terms of solar gain and wind effect. Keywords : graph theory ; justified graph method ; thermal comfort ; Iranian traditional architecture ; seasonal movement

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